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Dr. Michael Burnett Specializes in Problems of the Ear, Nose, Sinuses and Throat.

An ear, nose and throat specialist (ENT) is a physician trained in the medical and surgical treatment of the ears, nose, throat, and related structures of the head and neck. They have special expertise in managing diseases of the ears, nose and nasal passage sinuses, larynx (voice box), oral cavity and upper pharynx (mouth and throat), as well as structures of the neck and face. ENT is the oldest medical specialty in the United States.



Category Archives: Throat Doctor

Throat Troubles? How an NYC ENT Can Help You Find Relief

ENT doctor for the throat problems issues NYCCan you consult an ENT doctor for throat issues? Your throat plays a vital role in your daily life, facilitating communication, breathing, and swallowing. However, when throat troubles arise, they can disrupt your comfort and overall well-being. Whether you’re dealing with chronic sore throats, voice changes, or swallowing difficulties, seeking the expertise of a top Ear, Nose & Throat (ENT) specialist in New York City can provide you with the relief and solutions you need.

Common Throat Issues

Throat problems can manifest in various ways, each with its own set of symptoms and causes. Some common throat issues include:

Sore Throat

A sore throat can result from infections, allergies, irritants, or overuse of the vocal cords. It may be accompanied by pain, discomfort, and difficulty swallowing.

Hoarseness or Voice Changes

Hoarseness or voice changes can be caused by a variety of factors, including vocal cord nodules, acid reflux, or respiratory infections. These issues can impact your ability to speak and communicate effectively.

Swallowing Difficulties

Difficulty swallowing, also known as dysphagia, can be caused by structural issues, muscle problems, or neurological conditions. It can lead to choking, aspiration, and malnutrition if left untreated.

Chronic Cough

A chronic cough that lasts for eight weeks or longer can be a sign of an underlying throat issue, such as laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) or vocal cord dysfunction (VCD).

How an NYC ENT Can Help

An NYC ENT specialist, such as Dr. Michael Burnett, is a medical expert trained to diagnose and treat a wide range of throat conditions. Here’s how they can help:

Accurate Diagnosis

ENT specialists have the expertise and advanced diagnostic tools to accurately identify the cause of your throat troubles. Whether it’s through a thorough examination, imaging studies, or endoscopy, they can pinpoint the issue.

Personalized Treatment Plans

Once the cause of your throat problem is determined, an NYC ENT can create a personalized treatment plan tailored to your needs. This may involve medication, lifestyle changes, voice therapy, or surgical intervention.

Surgical Expertise

If surgery is necessary to address your throat condition, an NYC ENT has the surgical skills and experience to perform procedures such as tonsillectomy, adenoidectomy, vocal cord surgery, or laryngoscopy.

Voice Restoration

If you’re experiencing voice changes or hoarseness, an NYC ENT can provide voice therapy and rehabilitation to help you regain your voice and improve its quality.

ENT for the Throat: Contact Ear, Nose & Throat of New York

If you’re dealing with throat troubles and seeking relief, don’t hesitate to reach out to Dr. Michael Burnett and the team at Ear, Nose & Throat of New York. We specialize in diagnosing and treating a wide range of throat conditions and are dedicated to helping you find relief and improve your quality of life.

Don’t let throat troubles disrupt your life. Contact us today to schedule your appointment and take the first step toward finding the relief you need.

Ear, Nose & Throat of New York
Michael C. Burnett, MD
115 East 57th Street Suite 600
New York, NY 10022

Anatomy of the Throat

What is the anatomy of the throat and how does it work? The throat is a multi functional part of the human body that works both the digestive and respiratory systems. The throat performs life saving duties such as breathing and swallowing food.

Anatomy of the Throat Diagram | Best ENT

Different Parts of the Throat

The throat is divided into 3 parts and different glands. All these parts of the throat perform specific functions according to the human body’s needs.

1.     Nasopharynx

The area of the throat behind the nose is the nasopharynx, also known as the roof of the mouth. It provides a passage to the air to get it to reach the windpipe.

2.     Oropharynx

It is present behind the oral cavity and is termed the middle part of the throat. The tongue’s tonsils, soft palate, and base are present in the oropharynx. The oropharynx involves in bolus formation and also helps in swallowing.

3.     Laryngopharynx

It is the innermost part of the pharynx or throat and is a crucial point where food, water, and air decide where to go.

4.     Tonsils

These are 2 lymph nodes present at the top of the pharynx. The tonsils are a defense mechanism as they filter out bacteria and other impurities to protect the body from infection.

The tonsils are related to the ear and nose, and if there is any infection that affects these two can affect the tonsils indirectly.

Throat Diseases

The throat is constantly in touch with the outer environment and performs essential tasks. When it comes to breathing, there is the involvement of the throat, and when we talk about swallowing food or any other fluid, the throat provides the passage for it.

As you can see, its direct interaction with the surroundings, the throat is always at the risk of getting infected with any disease. Not just its surroundings, but if you are having a nose or ear infection, there are higher chances that your throat might get infected with it. Some of the common throat infections and diseases are:

Sore throat: is a painful condition that makes it difficult for a person to swallow anything. Various causes of sore throat, viruses, and bacteria are usually involved. During sore throat, the infected area turns red, and you can’t even speak properly.

Tonsillitis: it is the condition of swollen tonsils. It is usually due to the bacteria and viruses that infect the tonsils. A person with swollen tonsils complains of extreme pain while swallowing food and sometimes even fluids.

Hoarseness: is a condition causing sore throat and other related disorders. It can improve with time, but if it gets serious, you should consult a doctor or specialist.

Laryngitis: is another painful condition due to the larynx’s inflammation. Difficulty in breathing, coughing, etc., is the symptoms if you get laryngitis.

Growth of lesions in the throat: This may be a cancerous condition if you get any lesions or fleshy masses in your throat. In severe cases, these masses can block air passage, and it’s better to visit a doctor at once.

Snoring: is not a throat disease at all, but it’s better to know the cause of it. Your throat relates to the ear and nose, and there are high chances that ear and nose problems are causing snoring.

Dysphagia: this condition is comprehensively related to swallowing problems. There are various reasons for dysphagia which can happen to anyone. It includes pain while swallowing, acidity, or sometimes due to hoarseness.

Anatomy of the Throat - Best ENT

Anatomy of the throat Conclusion: Consult an ENT Specialist

You can get temporary comfort at home, but for permanent treatment, it’s better to pay a visit to the best ENT specialist. Dr. Michael C. Burnett, at Ear, Nose & Throat of New York will consult with you and reccommend specialized treatment for any health conditions pertaining to the throat.

Reach out to us now to get a proper diagnosis.

115 East 57th Street
Suite 600
New York, NY 10022


Laryngology is the study of larynx disorders and their treatment. The larynx is the point where your digestive and respiratory tracts intersect. Furthermore, it also contains the vocal cords. The larynx regulates the breathing, swallowing, and vocal production process. Your larynx may develop various abnormal functions and disorders. The study and treatment of these conditions are laryngology. Based on the function that the health condition disrupts, the disorders fall into three categories, which are:

  • Swallowing disorders
  • Airways disorders
  • Voice care

Laryngology ENT Doctor

If you experience any problem with your larynx, you should visit an ENT specialist. Do you live in New York City? Ear, Nose, and Throat of New York include one of the best ENT programs with experienced ENT surgeons in New York. Upon your visit, our experts will determine the condition after diagnosis and will guide you about your disorder. They will recommend the best treatment depending on the severity of the disorder.

Laryngology and Advanced Treatments

For a few years, the healthcare sector has been radically growing. Researchers are consistently conducting research and introducing new and advanced technology. Similarly, ENT experts are introducing new techniques for imaging and treating larynx disorders. With these tools, specialists can accurately diagnose and examine larynx problems. These techniques include state-of-the-art laser surgery, micro-instrumentation, and other invasive and non-invasive treatments.

What Does Laryngology Include?

Larynx disorders may cause difficulty swallowing, vocal dysfunction, or breathing problems. An ENT specialist will treat larynx problems by examining your larynx, throat, esophagus, vocal cord, and aerodigestive tract.  Below we will understand some health conditions related to the larynx:

1.     Dysphagia or Difficulty Swallowing

Dysphagia is a condition wherein you experience pain or difficulty while swallowing foods, liquids, or saliva. You will feel like something is blocking your chest or throat. This will lead you to choke and cough frequently. With time, the condition gets worse, and you won’t be able to swallow food. You will also develop other medical problems such as weight loss.

Upon your visit to an ENT clinic, the specialist will evaluate your condition and suggest suitable treatment. The best treatments include diet changes, medication, posture changes, and workout sessions. These treatments and therapies aim to improve coordination and strengthen facial muscles.

2.     Voice Changes

Some people develop a change in their vocal pitch, quality, and volume that is not normal with their gender and age. This may indicate that they are suffering from a voice disorder. Your voice may change due to various reasons, including inflammation of the throat. The treatment of this condition depends on the actual cause. Therefore, you need to visit an expert ENT doctor for a diagnosis. The treatment options for voice change include surgery, injections, or medication. You may also undergo speech therapy or lifestyle changes.

3.     Vocal Cord Polyps and Nodules

Vocal cord polyps, cysts, or nodules are cancerous bodies that grow near your throat. If you develop a hoarse, breathy, or raspy sounding voice, visit an ENT specialist. You may also cut in and cracks in your voice. This usually happens because of bumps that disrupt the vibration of your vocal cords. An experienced ENT surgeon will use diagnostic tools to identify the damage. They may perform surgery to treat this condition if necessary.

4.     Sensation in the Throat

Gastroesophageal reflux disease or other similar conditions can cause foreign body sensations. In this health issue, you will feel like something is blocking your throat. When you experience this sensation, visit an ENT specialist. They will examine your throat and check if everything is normal. They will also screen the esophagus and upper aerodigestive tract.

5.     Recurrent Tonsillitis

Treatment from tonsillitis also comes under laryngology. Even though you can seek relief with antibiotics, tonsillitis will develop again when you stop taking the medication. Surgery is the best option to treat this condition. An ENT surgeon will remove tonsils by making a tiny cut in your throat. Besides recurring tonsillitis, the doctor may also suggest surgery for bacterial tonsillitis or chronic tonsillitis. Proper treatment with antibiotics is possible, but it depends on the severity of the condition.

Laryngology Laryngologist NYC

6.     Tonsil Stones

Tonsil stones are yellow or white formations around your throat region. You may grow tonsil stones because of chronic tonsillitis. When the food, saliva, or dead cells buildup near your tonsils, you will develop these stones. Symptoms include ear pain, swallowing difficulty, sore throat, bad breath, and feeling that something is stuck in your throat. Sometimes, tonsil stones may naturally disappear. But, in most cases, you need help from a professional ENT surgeon to remove them.

Laryngology: Conclusion

A patient experiencing larynx problems such as airway obstruction, swallowing difficulty, voice disorders, or laryngeal cancer visits an ENT surgeon for relief. If you live in NYC, you can visit our clinic and consult with highly qualified ENT specialists. Our team will diagnose and treat your disorder related to laryngology.

At Ear Nose & Throat of New York, Dr. Michael Burnett and his experienced staff numerous treatments, including airway reconstruction, voice and swallowing therapeutic exercises, and surgeries. Call us now consult with us about your ENT related symptoms.

Michael C. Burnett, MD
115 East 57th Street
Suite 600
New York, NY 10022




Common Throat Conditions Requiring an ENT Doctor

What are the major throat conditions that require an ENT doctor? An ENT specialist is a doctor or surgeon trained and experienced in treating ear, nose, and throat diseases and conditions. They solely focus on the head and neck area of the body except for the brain and eyes. They spend years training to learn about ENT related issues and disorders and practice minor to major surgeries.

Throat conditions requiring an ENT doctor

While your general physician can treat acute ENT problems, consulting an ENT specialist becomes critical when the conditions, disorders, or diseases become chronic. ENT is a separate branch of specialization, as it comprises an intricately connected system.

Common Throat Conditions

Laryngeal Cancer

The larynx refers to your throat, which is also the “voice box.” We breathe, swallow, and speak through our larynx and vocal cords. The larynx comprises a flexible tissue mainframe that supports the internal cartilage structure.

Laryngeal cancer refers to cancer in the larynx or of the larynx (or voice box). Common symptoms include persistent wheezing, sore throat, and hoarseness. It requires special care and specialized treatment options for which ENT surgeons and doctors are the best options.


Tonsils are two oval-shaped tissue pads (similar to balls) at the back of our throat. You may feel pain and other symptoms when your tonsils become inflamed due to viral or bacterial infection. Many viruses can affect your tonsils and cause painful conditions. They can result in symptoms like swelling, swallowing disorders, and sore throat.

Vocal Cord Paralysis

As the name suggests, vocal cord paralysis is damage to the vocal cords in the larynx. It is primarily the damage to the nerves that go back to the vocal cords. When there is an obstruction in the nerve impulses in the voice box, the vocal cords suffer paralysis. In turn, this leads to vocal fatigue, hoarseness, speech volume disturbances, etc.

Additionally, in case of vocal cord paralysis, there is a risk of choking as what you eat/swallow may go to the wrong pipe. Further, throat pain and speech impairment are common nuisances of this condition.

Salivary Gland Tumors

Salivary glands can suffer different types of infections, disorders, and diseases. One of the most important and impacting conditions involves salivary gland tumors. This condition occurs when cells in the mouth near the salivary glands start to develop and produce abnormally. Salivary glands are not just to the sides of the teeth near the jaw. They are present throughout your mouth, including your cheeks and lips.

Often salivary gland tumors are benign (non-cancerous). However, they can be cancerous and equally painful to bear.

Treatments for Common Throat Conditions

Treatment for Laryngeal Cancer

Since laryngeal cancer is another type of cancer, radiation and chemotherapy will be the best treatment options. In addition to that, your ENT surgeon may also provide some treatment recommendations to help you deal with your condition. As the symptoms can get quite painful and life-changing at certain stages, ENT surgeons recommend regular checkups for patients who struggle with laryngeal cancer. A few surgical procedures that an ENT surgeon may perform for laryngeal cancer include:

  • Partial laryngectomy
  • Hemilaryngectomy
  • Cordectomy
  • Laser surgery
  • Total laryngectomy
  • Supraglottic laryngectomy
  • Thyroidectomy

Treatment for Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis is an ENT-related condition that requires treatment and effective care from an ENT specialist. The main surgical procedures that ENT specialists recommend for severe tonsillitis include removing tonsils from both sides. While this may seem like an invasive surgical treatment option, it is also suitable for kids. There aren’t many complications, and the procedure is always simple. Therefore, removing the tonsils and the excess tissue on them can help to alleviate the pain.

Common throat conditions ENT doctor treats

Treatment for Vocal Cord Paralysis

Voice therapy is the first step in the treatment process. Nonetheless, if it remains ineffective, then your ENT surgeon may suggest surgical procedures. Some of the surgical procedures for vocal cords are as follows:

Tracheotomy: Involves placing a tube in the throat of the patient with vocal cord paralysis. A surgeon might do that if the vocal cords are too close and affected.

Bulk Injection: This involves injecting a filler material into the weak vocal cord muscles. This will help to improve the bulk of the vocal cord that will alleviate the paralysis gradually.

Phonosurgery: This is a complex surgical procedure that requires precise skills to fold and reposition the vocal cords to enhance airflow and vocal functions.

Treatment for Salivary Gland Tumors

Depending on the cause of salivary gland disorders, your ENT surgeon will suggest treatment options. In case of benign tumors, your ENT doctor may perform surgeries to remove the malignant tumors from your salivary glands. Moreover, radiation therapy is also a viable option to prevent the production, development, and spread of cancerous skills. Surgeries can help remove the blockages to ensure there is no hindrance in the airflow and causes no severe pain.

Throat Conditions Requiring an ENT Doctor: Conclusion

Do you want to receive the best treatment for throat and other ENT-related conditions? Michael C. Burnett, MD, can help you with all acute and chronic ENT problems. Give us a call to book an appointment at Ear, Nose & Throat of New York today. We offer personalized and highly compassionate care to all our patients regardless of age or condition.

Ear Nose & Throat of New York
Michael C. Burnett, MD

115 East 57th Street
Suite 600
New York, NY 10022

Reference Links


Common Throat Problems

What are the most common throat problems? The throat or pharynx is a tube that helps food transfer from the mouth to the esophagus. Furthermore, it also works as an air passage bringing air to the larynx and windpipe. There are numerous reasons to develop throat problems. Therefore, it is a common condition. You can develop viral infections, allergies, acid leaks, and other problems. Here are some common throat problems that require medical attention:

  • Tonsillitis is the inflammation of the tonsils
  • Throat cancer
  • Croup is a condition common in children. In this condition, the patients experience barking coughs because of inflammation.
  • Laryngitis occurs when the voice box swells. You can also refer to this condition as loss of voice or hoarse voice.

The treatment for these common throat problems depends on the severity of the condition.

Common Throat Problems

1.     Tonsillitis

While suffering from tonsillitis, you develop two oval-shaped tissue pads at the back of your throat. You will experience one tonsil on one side. The symptoms of this condition include a sore throat, swollen tonsils, tender lymph nodes, and difficulty swallowing. The common reason for the development of tonsillitis is a common virus. This virus causes an infection that leads to this condition. Furthermore, you can also develop bacterial infections because of tonsillitis.

Before treating this condition, the doctor will identify the cause for the development of tonsillitis. Therefore, it is essential to seek an accurate and immediate diagnosis. For the removal of tonsils, you require surgery. However, the doctor will recommend surgery only when you frequently develop tonsils.

Swelling and inflammation of the tonsils are the main symptoms. The inflammation may get so severe that you may experience breathing problems. Here are some other symptoms of this condition:

  • Fever
  • Red tonsils
  • Throat pain
  • Headache
  • Throat ulcer and painful blisters
  • A yellow and white coating on the tonsils
  • Ear pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fever along with chills
  • Inflammation of neck or jaw glands
  • Problem swallowing
  • Muffled or scratchy voice
  • Stiff neck
  • Bad breath

2.     Croup

If your child experiences a barking cough or trouble breathing, you might be suffering from croup. This condition is an infection of the upper airway. Young children mostly suffer from this condition. Your child develops the symptoms of croup because of inflammation of the trachea, larynx, and bronchi tubes.

Sudden cough causes barking noise because the passageway to the vocal cords swells due to inflammation. Heavy breathing will also produce a whistling sound.

The symptoms of croup are common in children under the age of three. This happens because the respiratory system of a child is small. Here are some common symptoms for croup that you will notice:

  • Fever
  • Cold symptoms including runny nose and sneezing
  • Heavy breathing
  • Barking cough
  • Hoarse voice

If your child is unable to breathe properly, they need instant care. Here are some symptoms that need urgent attention:

  • Difficulty to swallow
  • Wheezing
  • Skin color turns gray or blue around mouth, nose, and fingernails

3.     Laryngitis

You develop laryngitis because of the inflammation of the vocal cords or voice box. Irritation, infection, or overuse of the vocal cord leads to this condition. Laryngitis can be acute or chronic. The acute or short-term laryngitis lasts for almost three weeks. However, you will experience chronic or long-term laryngitis for more than three weeks.

You can develop laryngitis for numerous reasons, including bacterial infections, environmental factors, or viral infections. If you develop this condition because of a virus, it may last for a couple of weeks. Here are some symptoms of laryngitis:

  • Voice loss or weak voice
  • Hoarseness
  • Dry throat
  • Sore throat
  • The rawness and ticking sensation of the throat
  • Dry cough

Common Throat Problems

4.     Throat Cancer

In this condition, you develop cancer within the organs for breathing, swallowing, and speaking. The throat is the common location to develop throat cancers. You can refer to this location as the pharynx, and it includes the tube behind your nose till your neck. However, other areas include the larynx or voice box. Throat cancers grow quickly. Therefore, you require immediate treatment for this condition. The common symptoms of throat cancer are:

  • Ear pain
  • Cough
  • Change of voice
  • Difficulty to swallow
  • Soreness in the throat
  • Weight loss

Common Throat Problems: Conclusion

All the above conditions are common throat problems that require immediate treatment. Throat problems are unusual conditions that are the result of allergies or colds. Furthermore, you may develop this condition due to smoking, inhaling dry air, and overusing your vocal cords.

However, if your condition gets worse over time or you find it hard to breathe, you need to visit a professional ENT surgeon. If you want to consult a professional ENT surgeon in New York City, you can visit our clinic Ear, Nose & Throat of New York.

Schedule an appointment today by contacting us at 212-867-4813.

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What Services Does An ENT Doctor Provide For The Throat?

An ENT doctor, also known as an otolaryngologist, provides treatments for people facing issues in their nose, throat, neck, and ear. Issues in these areas often relate to each other, so it is best to go to an ENT doctor. ENT specialists provide different services in each field. Here, you will learn about the services they provide for the throat.

From a hoarse voice to difficulty in swallowing, ENT specialists offer a variety of services and treatments that you can benefit from. Read further below to learn everything you need to know about ENT doctors and the treatments they provide for the throat.

Throat Issues Treated by an ENT Doctor

As mentioned earlier, ENTs provide various services that address issues of the throat. The throat tissues connect to the ear and nose as they are all linked to the same tubes and passages. Mentioned below are the different services ENTs provide for the throat:


Hoarseness is a very common condition that affects the throat and changes the tone of voice. With a hoarse throat, your voice becomes strained, raspy, and low or high in pitch. You may have to make a special effort to speak without feeling uncomfortable. Hoarness indicates an issue in the vocal cords of your larynx. Fortunately, this is completely treatable with the help of an ENT. Your ENT will help you by first taking your entire medical history and checking your larynx with special equipment. This tool will help the ENT detect the reason behind the hoarseness. Based on that, they will suggest appropriate treatment.

The ENT will need to take a closer look at your vocal cords. For this, they will use a fiberoptic scope that passes through your nose and helps them see your vocal cords. This instrument helps measure the airflow, irregularities, and other characteristics of the voice box to effectively treat the hoarseness.

There are different types of hoarseness, each of which requires a different treatment. If you have acute laryngitis, you will most likely be put on steroids or antibiotics. If you’re facing laryngitis due to a neurological disease or disorder, you might need vocal cord augmentation or any other treatment that your ENT specialist finds suitable.

Difficulty in Swallowing

Difficulty in swallowing, also known as dysphasia, is a condition in which you are unable to swallow properly due to an issue in your muscular tube in the esophagus or throat.  This issue usually occurs in babies and the elderly. However, if the difficulty in swallowing only lasts two days, it’s not a major issue. However, if it continues to persist and grows painful with time, you can get it treated by an ENT.

Your ENT will perform different types of tests to know the exact problem and what is the main thing that is causing this issue. The doctor will conduct different tests, such as x-ray, manometry, Laryngoscope, barium swallow, and fluoroscopy, esopagoscopy, and AP monitory. Once the ENT specialist detects the main issue and the cause behind it, he/she will continue with the appropriate treatment.

There are different types of treatment options recommended to patients suffering from dysphasia, such as dilation, endoscopy, medicines, and surgery. The ENT will perform surgery if they feel something blocking your esophagus, and to remove that, you need to go through surgery. One of the main treatments your ENT will recommend is switching to a liquid diet.

Throat Cancer

Cancer can affect the throat too and is known as Laryngeal cancer. ENTs are the first medical professionals to approach when it comes to treating your throat cancer. However, this depends on the stage of your illness. That’s why it’s best to consult a doctor the moment you start experiencing uncomfortable symptoms. The earlier your ENT detects the problem, the better the provided treatment will work. Your ENT will help diagnose your throat cancer by first taking a full medical history from you and then examine your head.

They will also conduct a nose and ear examination, as all three areas, including the throat tubes, are connected. Next, the ENT will perform a Laryngoscopy to directly inspect the larynx. You may also require a nasendoscopy to examine your larynx and hypopharynx.  After all the tests are complete, your ENT will suggest proper treatment. Based on the severity of your condition, they might also suggest undergoing surgery if there is a high chance of survival. It is very important that you visit an ENT on a regular basis so that you can get the best treatment on time.

ENT Doctor For Throat: Takeaway

As you can see, from diagnosing and testing to treating, ENT’s provide essential services when it comes to issues related to the nose, ear, or throat.

If you’re having any trouble with your throat, get in touch with the best ENT Doctor in New York City at Ear Nose & Throat of New York.

Sore Throat: Causes, Prevention, Symptoms & Treatment

A sore throat is one of the most common symptoms that many of us go through due to a few reasons. A sore throat usually gets better after a few days, but in some cases, it keeps progressing, leading to a bigger health risk. Sore throat is the feeling of a dry and itchy throat that is sometimes quite painful. For some, sore throats are highly unbearable, and there are a few things you can do to cure the pain you experience due to a sore throat. To learn more about a sore throat and deal with it, you must read this article further below.

Sore Throat | Causes, Prevention, Symptoms & Treatment

What Causes a Sore Throat?

1.     Bacterial Infection

If you’re suffering from a bacterial infection such as strep throat, then you’re most likely to experience throat ache. Strep throat is an infection that directly affects the tonsils and throat.

2.     Viral Infections

One of the most common viral infections that we experience is a cold and flu. You will sometimes notice that it’s also your throat that starts hurting whenever you’re suffering from the flu. According to research, about 90% of sore throats derive from viruses. Other than a common cold and flu, viruses like measles, mumps, chickenpox, COVID19, and mononucleosis may cause a sore throat.

3.     Chemicals

Unfortunately, the air we breathe has many chemicals due to poor care cleaning practices and industrial wastes, smoke, etc. Different chemicals and substances from air pollution, cleaning products, and smoking ignite throat infections such as a sore throat.

4.     Allergies

If you’re allergic to pollen, pet’s fur, and grass, you’re most likely to develop a sore throat. When these allergies get triggered, you experience many symptoms such as congestion, sneezing, watery eyes, and sore throat.

5.     Gastroesophageal Reflux

Gastroesophageal reflux is a stomach infection in which all the gases start to gather in your stomach, causing slight inflammation. The acid reflux and goes up to your esophagus tube, which causes sore throat.

6.     Injury

You could also suffer from a sore throat if in case you get an injury on your throat. This injury could include a cut on your neck or getting something stuck in your throat. Sometimes injuries in the throat take place by talking too much or screaming too loud for long hours.

Common Symptoms of Sore Throat

Mentioned below are some of the common symptoms you may experience during a sore throat. The symptoms vary depending on the cause of throat soreness.

  • Difficulty in swallowing food
  • Unable to talk properly in your normal voice
  • Itchy throat
  • Slight burning and pain in the throat
  • Swollen neck glands
  • White patches on tonsils
  • Swelling on tonsils

Treatment for Sore Throat

There are many treatment options available for a sore throat, and you can carry all of these treatments at home. You will need to grab a few ingredients from your kitchen and use them till you feel better and achieve instant relief.

The best home remedy for sore throat is by gargling your throat with saltwater. All you have to do is get a glass of water and mix one teaspoon of salt. Repeat this twice a day to achieve quicker healing. You should also stick to a warm diet that involves drinking fluids such as warm soup, tea with honey, and different herbal teas. Keep chewing in lozenges or a hard piece of minty candy as this provides instant relief from the itchiness and burning caused by a sore throat.

ENT Doctor for Sore Throat

The easiest way to achieve quick healing is by resting your vocal cords. Avoid screaming or talking unnecessarily as this is when your voice box needs the most rest. You can also keep a cool humidifier in your room as this helps add moisture to the air, making it good for breathing.

How to Prevent Sore Throat

You can do a few things to avoid a sore throat, and the best way to do that is by keeping yourself clean and avoiding germs. The spread of germs is one of the few reasons that make you prone to a sore throat, especially in children.

There are a few basic hygiene practices that you must regularly maintain to avoid this painful condition. These include regularly washing your hands, using hand sanitizers, and avoid touching objects in public places. You should also not share food or utensils, especially with someone who is sick. Besides, regularly disinfect things around your house that you make the most contact with.


Now that you’re aware of what a sore throat is and how to treat and prevent it, you must educate others around you as well. It is always good to maintain a healthy lifestyle and avoid small health issues like this. If you need to get in touch with a good ENT specialist, consider top NYC ENT Doctor Michael Burnett MD at Ear, Nose & Throat of New York to achieve the best treatment for ENT related problems in NYC.

Top 9 Causes of Throat Pain

Top Causes of Throat Pain

What causes throat pain? Throat pain can be anything from slight discomfort to severe irritation and scratchiness. Although throat pain can occur due to a variety of reasons, the most common cause is the flu or the common cold.

In a mild throat pain case, you would feel difficulty or discomfort in eating or drinking. However, in a more severe case, you can experience a sharp and painful sensation every time you swallow. Throat pain, when left untreated, can lead to other disorders, complications, and even unhealthy weight loss.

For these reasons, you should know what causes throat pain, so you better prepare yourself.

What Causes Throat Pain?

While the most prevalent and common cause of throat pain is a common cold virus, it is not the only one. Throat pain can occur due to a wide variety of reasons and alignments.  Most of us experience it during some point in our life.

9 Most Common Cause of Throat Pain

1)    Viral Infection

Viral infections can cause throat pain. The most common diseases include flu, cold virus, measles, and chickenpox. Alternatively, mono and even mouth blisters can also cause sore throat. A childhood illness like croup, known for its rough barking cough, also causes throat pain.

2)    Bacterial Infection

Conditions like strep throat caused by a bacterial infection, like Streptococcus pyogenes, can lead to difficulty in swallowing and severe throat pain. While most bacterial infection swells the tonsils, others, like the Arcanobacterium haemolyticum, can cause rashes and severe pain in the throat. Bacterial infection, when left untreated, can lead to severe complications like kidney or heart damage. The treatment for this infection includes antibiotic medicines.

3)    Sinus Or Nasal Passageway Infection

During sinus and conditions like flu, where a runny nose can lead to postnasal drip, viruses, bacteria, and even fungus travel with that drip. This infects the mucus membrane at the back of the throat. The infected mucus membrane leads to a painful or sore throat.

Top Causes of Throat Pain - Best ENT NYC 02

4)    Allergies

Allergies are also among one of the leading causes of throat pain. Allergies like dust, mold, pollen, or dander contribute directly to the sore throat. Some allergies indirectly affect the throat by contributing to the postnasal drip, inflammation, and irritation of the throat.

5)    Acid Reflux

Acid reflux is the acid from our stomach that travels to the esophagus, up to our throat and mouth. Not only is acid reflux a leading cause for throat pain, but it is also a very prevailing cause of tooth erosion. Acid reflux is worse in the morning as compared to the night while we sleep.

6)    Irritation

Throat irritations from inhaling chemicals, dry air or cigarette, and tobacco smoke can cause sore, rough, and itchy throat. Other things that can cause throat irritation are breathing through your mouth for too long, chronic nasal congestion, outdoor pollution, eating spicy foods, and drinking alcohol.

7)    Laryngitis

Laryngitis can occur when there is an excessive strain or overuse of the voice. This is most common in signers and individuals who have regular use of loud voice in their occupation. Laryngitis can cause hoarseness and muscle strain, as well.

8)    Surgery and Post-Intubation

Post intubation is a sure cause of sore throat. It is a pain you experience when you have a breathing tube inserted due to an injury, illness, or after surgery. Fortunately, it is a temporary discomfort that subsides after a day or two after the removal of the tube.

Similarly, procedures like a thyroidectomy and EGD can cause throat pain.

9)    Cancer and Tumor

Throat pain because of cancer or other growth, is a rare yet plausible situation. The signs and symptoms of these conditions include difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, noisy breathing, feeling a lump in the back of your throat, or having blood appear in the phlegm or saliva. If you notice more than one of these symptoms in yourself, then book an appointment with a certified ENT specialist to get yourself evacuated. Nothing is worse than finding a cancerous throat, tongue, or voice box tumor at the very last stage.

Final Thoughts

Throat pain can happen due to any number of reasons, from mild infections to severe tumors. Therefore, certified Otolaryngologist and ENT specialists like Dr. Michael C. Burnett, MD, suggests evaluating your sore throat as early as you can. For more information about your throat pain, you can contact Dr. Burnett by calling 212-644-8350 or visiting the clinic on suite 600, between Park Avenue and Lexington Avenue, New York.

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Michael C. Burnett, MD

115 East 57th Street
(Between Park + Lexington Ave.)
Suite 600
New York, NY 10022