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Dr. Michael Burnett Specializes in Problems of the Ear, Nose, Sinuses and Throat.

An ear, nose and throat specialist (ENT) is a physician trained in the medical and surgical treatment of the ears, nose, throat, and related structures of the head and neck. They have special expertise in managing diseases of the ears, nose and nasal passage sinuses, larynx (voice box), oral cavity and upper pharynx (mouth and throat), as well as structures of the neck and face. ENT is the oldest medical specialty in the United States.

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Category Archives: Throat Doctor

Laryngology

Laryngology is the study of larynx disorders and their treatment. The larynx is the point where your digestive and respiratory tracts intersect. Furthermore, it also contains the vocal cords. The larynx regulates the breathing, swallowing, and vocal production process. Your larynx may develop various abnormal functions and disorders. The study and treatment of these conditions are laryngology. Based on the function that the health condition disrupts, the disorders fall into three categories, which are:

  • Swallowing disorders
  • Airways disorders
  • Voice care

Laryngology ENT Doctor

If you experience any problem with your larynx, you should visit an ENT specialist. Do you live in New York City? Ear, Nose, and Throat of New York include one of the best ENT programs with experienced ENT surgeons in New York. Upon your visit, our experts will determine the condition after diagnosis and will guide you about your disorder. They will recommend the best treatment depending on the severity of the disorder.

Laryngology and Advanced Treatments

For a few years, the healthcare sector has been radically growing. Researchers are consistently conducting research and introducing new and advanced technology. Similarly, ENT experts are introducing new techniques for imaging and treating larynx disorders. With these tools, specialists can accurately diagnose and examine larynx problems. These techniques include state-of-the-art laser surgery, micro-instrumentation, and other invasive and non-invasive treatments.

What Does Laryngology Include?

Larynx disorders may cause difficulty swallowing, vocal dysfunction, or breathing problems. An ENT specialist will treat larynx problems by examining your larynx, throat, esophagus, vocal cord, and aerodigestive tract.  Below we will understand some health conditions related to the larynx:

1.     Dysphagia or Difficulty Swallowing

Dysphagia is a condition wherein you experience pain or difficulty while swallowing foods, liquids, or saliva. You will feel like something is blocking your chest or throat. This will lead you to choke and cough frequently. With time, the condition gets worse, and you won’t be able to swallow food. You will also develop other medical problems such as weight loss.

Upon your visit to an ENT clinic, the specialist will evaluate your condition and suggest suitable treatment. The best treatments include diet changes, medication, posture changes, and workout sessions. These treatments and therapies aim to improve coordination and strengthen facial muscles.

2.     Voice Changes

Some people develop a change in their vocal pitch, quality, and volume that is not normal with their gender and age. This may indicate that they are suffering from a voice disorder. Your voice may change due to various reasons, including inflammation of the throat. The treatment of this condition depends on the actual cause. Therefore, you need to visit an expert ENT doctor for a diagnosis. The treatment options for voice change include surgery, injections, or medication. You may also undergo speech therapy or lifestyle changes.

3.     Vocal Cord Polyps and Nodules

Vocal cord polyps, cysts, or nodules are cancerous bodies that grow near your throat. If you develop a hoarse, breathy, or raspy sounding voice, visit an ENT specialist. You may also cut in and cracks in your voice. This usually happens because of bumps that disrupt the vibration of your vocal cords. An experienced ENT surgeon will use diagnostic tools to identify the damage. They may perform surgery to treat this condition if necessary.

4.     Sensation in the Throat

Gastroesophageal reflux disease or other similar conditions can cause foreign body sensations. In this health issue, you will feel like something is blocking your throat. When you experience this sensation, visit an ENT specialist. They will examine your throat and check if everything is normal. They will also screen the esophagus and upper aerodigestive tract.

5.     Recurrent Tonsillitis

Treatment from tonsillitis also comes under laryngology. Even though you can seek relief with antibiotics, tonsillitis will develop again when you stop taking the medication. Surgery is the best option to treat this condition. An ENT surgeon will remove tonsils by making a tiny cut in your throat. Besides recurring tonsillitis, the doctor may also suggest surgery for bacterial tonsillitis or chronic tonsillitis. Proper treatment with antibiotics is possible, but it depends on the severity of the condition.

Laryngology Laryngologist NYC

6.     Tonsil Stones

Tonsil stones are yellow or white formations around your throat region. You may grow tonsil stones because of chronic tonsillitis. When the food, saliva, or dead cells buildup near your tonsils, you will develop these stones. Symptoms include ear pain, swallowing difficulty, sore throat, bad breath, and feeling that something is stuck in your throat. Sometimes, tonsil stones may naturally disappear. But, in most cases, you need help from a professional ENT surgeon to remove them.

Laryngology: Conclusion

A patient experiencing larynx problems such as airway obstruction, swallowing difficulty, voice disorders, or laryngeal cancer visits an ENT surgeon for relief. If you live in NYC, you can visit our clinic and consult with highly qualified ENT specialists. Our team will diagnose and treat your disorder related to laryngology.

At Ear Nose & Throat of New York, Dr. Michael Burnett and his experienced staff numerous treatments, including airway reconstruction, voice and swallowing therapeutic exercises, and surgeries. Call us now consult with us about your ENT related symptoms.

EAR, NOSE & THROAT OF NEW YORK
Michael C. Burnett, MD
115 East 57th Street
Suite 600
New York, NY 10022
212-867-4813

 


Sources

https://www.healthline.com/health/laryngoscopy
https://www.summahealth.org/medicalservices/ent/voice-conditions
https://www.umms.org/ummc/health-services/ent/services/laryngology
https://www.mayoclinic.org/departments-centers/laryngology-and-voice-disorders/overview/ovc-20426888

Common Throat Conditions Requiring an ENT Doctor

What are the major throat conditions that require an ENT doctor? An ENT specialist is a doctor or surgeon trained and experienced in treating ear, nose, and throat diseases and conditions. They solely focus on the head and neck area of the body except for the brain and eyes. They spend years training to learn about ENT related issues and disorders and practice minor to major surgeries.

Throat conditions requiring an ENT doctor
(Source)

While your general physician can treat acute ENT problems, consulting an ENT specialist becomes critical when the conditions, disorders, or diseases become chronic. ENT is a separate branch of specialization, as it comprises an intricately connected system.

Common Throat Conditions

Laryngeal Cancer

The larynx refers to your throat, which is also the “voice box.” We breathe, swallow, and speak through our larynx and vocal cords. The larynx comprises a flexible tissue mainframe that supports the internal cartilage structure.

Laryngeal cancer refers to cancer in the larynx or of the larynx (or voice box). Common symptoms include persistent wheezing, sore throat, and hoarseness. It requires special care and specialized treatment options for which ENT surgeons and doctors are the best options.

Tonsillitis

Tonsils are two oval-shaped tissue pads (similar to balls) at the back of our throat. You may feel pain and other symptoms when your tonsils become inflamed due to viral or bacterial infection. Many viruses can affect your tonsils and cause painful conditions. They can result in symptoms like swelling, swallowing disorders, and sore throat.

Vocal Cord Paralysis

As the name suggests, vocal cord paralysis is damage to the vocal cords in the larynx. It is primarily the damage to the nerves that go back to the vocal cords. When there is an obstruction in the nerve impulses in the voice box, the vocal cords suffer paralysis. In turn, this leads to vocal fatigue, hoarseness, speech volume disturbances, etc.

Additionally, in case of vocal cord paralysis, there is a risk of choking as what you eat/swallow may go to the wrong pipe. Further, throat pain and speech impairment are common nuisances of this condition.

Salivary Gland Tumors

Salivary glands can suffer different types of infections, disorders, and diseases. One of the most important and impacting conditions involves salivary gland tumors. This condition occurs when cells in the mouth near the salivary glands start to develop and produce abnormally. Salivary glands are not just to the sides of the teeth near the jaw. They are present throughout your mouth, including your cheeks and lips.

Often salivary gland tumors are benign (non-cancerous). However, they can be cancerous and equally painful to bear.

Treatments for Common Throat Conditions

Treatment for Laryngeal Cancer

Since laryngeal cancer is another type of cancer, radiation and chemotherapy will be the best treatment options. In addition to that, your ENT surgeon may also provide some treatment recommendations to help you deal with your condition. As the symptoms can get quite painful and life-changing at certain stages, ENT surgeons recommend regular checkups for patients who struggle with laryngeal cancer. A few surgical procedures that an ENT surgeon may perform for laryngeal cancer include:

  • Partial laryngectomy
  • Hemilaryngectomy
  • Cordectomy
  • Laser surgery
  • Total laryngectomy
  • Supraglottic laryngectomy
  • Thyroidectomy

Treatment for Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis is an ENT-related condition that requires treatment and effective care from an ENT specialist. The main surgical procedures that ENT specialists recommend for severe tonsillitis include removing tonsils from both sides. While this may seem like an invasive surgical treatment option, it is also suitable for kids. There aren’t many complications, and the procedure is always simple. Therefore, removing the tonsils and the excess tissue on them can help to alleviate the pain.

Common throat conditions ENT doctor treats
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Treatment for Vocal Cord Paralysis

Voice therapy is the first step in the treatment process. Nonetheless, if it remains ineffective, then your ENT surgeon may suggest surgical procedures. Some of the surgical procedures for vocal cords are as follows:

Tracheotomy: Involves placing a tube in the throat of the patient with vocal cord paralysis. A surgeon might do that if the vocal cords are too close and affected.

Bulk Injection: This involves injecting a filler material into the weak vocal cord muscles. This will help to improve the bulk of the vocal cord that will alleviate the paralysis gradually.

Phonosurgery: This is a complex surgical procedure that requires precise skills to fold and reposition the vocal cords to enhance airflow and vocal functions.

Treatment for Salivary Gland Tumors

Depending on the cause of salivary gland disorders, your ENT surgeon will suggest treatment options. In case of benign tumors, your ENT doctor may perform surgeries to remove the malignant tumors from your salivary glands. Moreover, radiation therapy is also a viable option to prevent the production, development, and spread of cancerous skills. Surgeries can help remove the blockages to ensure there is no hindrance in the airflow and causes no severe pain.

Throat Conditions Requiring an ENT Doctor: Conclusion

Do you want to receive the best treatment for throat and other ENT-related conditions? Michael C. Burnett, MD, can help you with all acute and chronic ENT problems. Give us a call to book an appointment at Ear, Nose & Throat of New York today. We offer personalized and highly compassionate care to all our patients regardless of age or condition.

Ear Nose & Throat of New York
Michael C. Burnett, MD

115 East 57th Street
Suite 600
New York, NY 10022
212-867-4813


Reference Links

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/16611-laryngeal-cancer
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tonsillitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20378479
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/vocal-cord-paralysis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20378878
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31735235/

Common Throat Problems

What are the most common throat problems? The throat or pharynx is a tube that helps food transfer from the mouth to the esophagus. Furthermore, it also works as an air passage bringing air to the larynx and windpipe. There are numerous reasons to develop throat problems. Therefore, it is a common condition. You can develop viral infections, allergies, acid leaks, and other problems. Here are some common throat problems that require medical attention:

  • Tonsillitis is the inflammation of the tonsils
  • Throat cancer
  • Croup is a condition common in children. In this condition, the patients experience barking coughs because of inflammation.
  • Laryngitis occurs when the voice box swells. You can also refer to this condition as loss of voice or hoarse voice.

The treatment for these common throat problems depends on the severity of the condition.

Common Throat Problems
(Source)

1.     Tonsillitis

While suffering from tonsillitis, you develop two oval-shaped tissue pads at the back of your throat. You will experience one tonsil on one side. The symptoms of this condition include a sore throat, swollen tonsils, tender lymph nodes, and difficulty swallowing. The common reason for the development of tonsillitis is a common virus. This virus causes an infection that leads to this condition. Furthermore, you can also develop bacterial infections because of tonsillitis.

Before treating this condition, the doctor will identify the cause for the development of tonsillitis. Therefore, it is essential to seek an accurate and immediate diagnosis. For the removal of tonsils, you require surgery. However, the doctor will recommend surgery only when you frequently develop tonsils.

Swelling and inflammation of the tonsils are the main symptoms. The inflammation may get so severe that you may experience breathing problems. Here are some other symptoms of this condition:

  • Fever
  • Red tonsils
  • Throat pain
  • Headache
  • Throat ulcer and painful blisters
  • A yellow and white coating on the tonsils
  • Ear pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fever along with chills
  • Inflammation of neck or jaw glands
  • Problem swallowing
  • Muffled or scratchy voice
  • Stiff neck
  • Bad breath

2.     Croup

If your child experiences a barking cough or trouble breathing, you might be suffering from croup. This condition is an infection of the upper airway. Young children mostly suffer from this condition. Your child develops the symptoms of croup because of inflammation of the trachea, larynx, and bronchi tubes.

Sudden cough causes barking noise because the passageway to the vocal cords swells due to inflammation. Heavy breathing will also produce a whistling sound.

The symptoms of croup are common in children under the age of three. This happens because the respiratory system of a child is small. Here are some common symptoms for croup that you will notice:

  • Fever
  • Cold symptoms including runny nose and sneezing
  • Heavy breathing
  • Barking cough
  • Hoarse voice

If your child is unable to breathe properly, they need instant care. Here are some symptoms that need urgent attention:

  • Difficulty to swallow
  • Wheezing
  • Skin color turns gray or blue around mouth, nose, and fingernails

3.     Laryngitis

You develop laryngitis because of the inflammation of the vocal cords or voice box. Irritation, infection, or overuse of the vocal cord leads to this condition. Laryngitis can be acute or chronic. The acute or short-term laryngitis lasts for almost three weeks. However, you will experience chronic or long-term laryngitis for more than three weeks.

You can develop laryngitis for numerous reasons, including bacterial infections, environmental factors, or viral infections. If you develop this condition because of a virus, it may last for a couple of weeks. Here are some symptoms of laryngitis:

  • Voice loss or weak voice
  • Hoarseness
  • Dry throat
  • Sore throat
  • The rawness and ticking sensation of the throat
  • Dry cough

Common Throat Problems
(Source)

4.     Throat Cancer

In this condition, you develop cancer within the organs for breathing, swallowing, and speaking. The throat is the common location to develop throat cancers. You can refer to this location as the pharynx, and it includes the tube behind your nose till your neck. However, other areas include the larynx or voice box. Throat cancers grow quickly. Therefore, you require immediate treatment for this condition. The common symptoms of throat cancer are:

  • Ear pain
  • Cough
  • Change of voice
  • Difficulty to swallow
  • Soreness in the throat
  • Weight loss

Common Throat Problems: Conclusion

All the above conditions are common throat problems that require immediate treatment. Throat problems are unusual conditions that are the result of allergies or colds. Furthermore, you may develop this condition due to smoking, inhaling dry air, and overusing your vocal cords.

However, if your condition gets worse over time or you find it hard to breathe, you need to visit a professional ENT surgeon. If you want to consult a professional ENT surgeon in New York City, you can visit our clinic Ear, Nose & Throat of New York.

Schedule an appointment today by contacting us at 212-867-4813.


Sources & Related Links:

https://medlineplus.gov/throatdisorders.html
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tonsillitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20378479
https://www.webmd.com/oral-health/tonsillitis-symptoms-causes-and-treatments
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/croup/symptoms-causes/syc-20350348
https://www.healthline.com/health/croup#symptoms

What Services Does An ENT Doctor Provide For The Throat?

An ENT doctor, also known as an otolaryngologist, provides treatments for people facing issues in their nose, throat, neck, and ear. Issues in these areas often relate to each other, so it is best to go to an ENT doctor. ENT specialists provide different services in each field. Here, you will learn about the services they provide for the throat.

From a hoarse voice to difficulty in swallowing, ENT specialists offer a variety of services and treatments that you can benefit from. Read further below to learn everything you need to know about ENT doctors and the treatments they provide for the throat.

Throat Issues Treated by an ENT Doctor

As mentioned earlier, ENTs provide various services that address issues of the throat. The throat tissues connect to the ear and nose as they are all linked to the same tubes and passages. Mentioned below are the different services ENTs provide for the throat:

Hoarseness

Hoarseness is a very common condition that affects the throat and changes the tone of voice. With a hoarse throat, your voice becomes strained, raspy, and low or high in pitch. You may have to make a special effort to speak without feeling uncomfortable. Hoarness indicates an issue in the vocal cords of your larynx. Fortunately, this is completely treatable with the help of an ENT. Your ENT will help you by first taking your entire medical history and checking your larynx with special equipment. This tool will help the ENT detect the reason behind the hoarseness. Based on that, they will suggest appropriate treatment.

The ENT will need to take a closer look at your vocal cords. For this, they will use a fiberoptic scope that passes through your nose and helps them see your vocal cords. This instrument helps measure the airflow, irregularities, and other characteristics of the voice box to effectively treat the hoarseness.

There are different types of hoarseness, each of which requires a different treatment. If you have acute laryngitis, you will most likely be put on steroids or antibiotics. If you’re facing laryngitis due to a neurological disease or disorder, you might need vocal cord augmentation or any other treatment that your ENT specialist finds suitable.

Difficulty in Swallowing

Difficulty in swallowing, also known as dysphasia, is a condition in which you are unable to swallow properly due to an issue in your muscular tube in the esophagus or throat.  This issue usually occurs in babies and the elderly. However, if the difficulty in swallowing only lasts two days, it’s not a major issue. However, if it continues to persist and grows painful with time, you can get it treated by an ENT.

Your ENT will perform different types of tests to know the exact problem and what is the main thing that is causing this issue. The doctor will conduct different tests, such as x-ray, manometry, Laryngoscope, barium swallow, and fluoroscopy, esopagoscopy, and AP monitory. Once the ENT specialist detects the main issue and the cause behind it, he/she will continue with the appropriate treatment.

There are different types of treatment options recommended to patients suffering from dysphasia, such as dilation, endoscopy, medicines, and surgery. The ENT will perform surgery if they feel something blocking your esophagus, and to remove that, you need to go through surgery. One of the main treatments your ENT will recommend is switching to a liquid diet.

Throat Cancer

Cancer can affect the throat too and is known as Laryngeal cancer. ENTs are the first medical professionals to approach when it comes to treating your throat cancer. However, this depends on the stage of your illness. That’s why it’s best to consult a doctor the moment you start experiencing uncomfortable symptoms. The earlier your ENT detects the problem, the better the provided treatment will work. Your ENT will help diagnose your throat cancer by first taking a full medical history from you and then examine your head.

They will also conduct a nose and ear examination, as all three areas, including the throat tubes, are connected. Next, the ENT will perform a Laryngoscopy to directly inspect the larynx. You may also require a nasendoscopy to examine your larynx and hypopharynx.  After all the tests are complete, your ENT will suggest proper treatment. Based on the severity of your condition, they might also suggest undergoing surgery if there is a high chance of survival. It is very important that you visit an ENT on a regular basis so that you can get the best treatment on time.

ENT Doctor For Throat: Takeaway

As you can see, from diagnosing and testing to treating, ENT’s provide essential services when it comes to issues related to the nose, ear, or throat.

If you’re having any trouble with your throat, get in touch with the best ENT Doctor in New York City at Ear Nose & Throat of New York.

Sore Throat: Causes, Prevention, Symptoms & Treatment

A sore throat is one of the most common symptoms that many of us go through due to a few reasons. A sore throat usually gets better after a few days, but in some cases, it keeps progressing, leading to a bigger health risk. Sore throat is the feeling of a dry and itchy throat that is sometimes quite painful. For some, sore throats are highly unbearable, and there are a few things you can do to cure the pain you experience due to a sore throat. To learn more about a sore throat and deal with it, you must read this article further below.

Sore Throat | Causes, Prevention, Symptoms & Treatment
(Source)

What Causes a Sore Throat?

1.     Bacterial Infection

If you’re suffering from a bacterial infection such as strep throat, then you’re most likely to experience throat ache. Strep throat is an infection that directly affects the tonsils and throat.

2.     Viral Infections

One of the most common viral infections that we experience is a cold and flu. You will sometimes notice that it’s also your throat that starts hurting whenever you’re suffering from the flu. According to research, about 90% of sore throats derive from viruses. Other than a common cold and flu, viruses like measles, mumps, chickenpox, COVID19, and mononucleosis may cause a sore throat.

3.     Chemicals

Unfortunately, the air we breathe has many chemicals due to poor care cleaning practices and industrial wastes, smoke, etc. Different chemicals and substances from air pollution, cleaning products, and smoking ignite throat infections such as a sore throat.

4.     Allergies

If you’re allergic to pollen, pet’s fur, and grass, you’re most likely to develop a sore throat. When these allergies get triggered, you experience many symptoms such as congestion, sneezing, watery eyes, and sore throat.

5.     Gastroesophageal Reflux

Gastroesophageal reflux is a stomach infection in which all the gases start to gather in your stomach, causing slight inflammation. The acid reflux and goes up to your esophagus tube, which causes sore throat.

6.     Injury

You could also suffer from a sore throat if in case you get an injury on your throat. This injury could include a cut on your neck or getting something stuck in your throat. Sometimes injuries in the throat take place by talking too much or screaming too loud for long hours.

Common Symptoms of Sore Throat

Mentioned below are some of the common symptoms you may experience during a sore throat. The symptoms vary depending on the cause of throat soreness.

  • Difficulty in swallowing food
  • Unable to talk properly in your normal voice
  • Itchy throat
  • Slight burning and pain in the throat
  • Swollen neck glands
  • White patches on tonsils
  • Swelling on tonsils

Treatment for Sore Throat

There are many treatment options available for a sore throat, and you can carry all of these treatments at home. You will need to grab a few ingredients from your kitchen and use them till you feel better and achieve instant relief.

The best home remedy for sore throat is by gargling your throat with saltwater. All you have to do is get a glass of water and mix one teaspoon of salt. Repeat this twice a day to achieve quicker healing. You should also stick to a warm diet that involves drinking fluids such as warm soup, tea with honey, and different herbal teas. Keep chewing in lozenges or a hard piece of minty candy as this provides instant relief from the itchiness and burning caused by a sore throat.

ENT Doctor for Sore Throat
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The easiest way to achieve quick healing is by resting your vocal cords. Avoid screaming or talking unnecessarily as this is when your voice box needs the most rest. You can also keep a cool humidifier in your room as this helps add moisture to the air, making it good for breathing.

How to Prevent Sore Throat

You can do a few things to avoid a sore throat, and the best way to do that is by keeping yourself clean and avoiding germs. The spread of germs is one of the few reasons that make you prone to a sore throat, especially in children.

There are a few basic hygiene practices that you must regularly maintain to avoid this painful condition. These include regularly washing your hands, using hand sanitizers, and avoid touching objects in public places. You should also not share food or utensils, especially with someone who is sick. Besides, regularly disinfect things around your house that you make the most contact with.

Bottom-Line

Now that you’re aware of what a sore throat is and how to treat and prevent it, you must educate others around you as well. It is always good to maintain a healthy lifestyle and avoid small health issues like this. If you need to get in touch with a good ENT specialist, consider top NYC ENT Doctor Michael Burnett MD at Ear, Nose & Throat of New York to achieve the best treatment for ENT related problems in NYC.

Top 9 Causes of Throat Pain

Top Causes of Throat Pain
(Source)

What causes throat pain? Throat pain can be anything from slight discomfort to severe irritation and scratchiness. Although throat pain can occur due to a variety of reasons, the most common cause is the flu or the common cold.

In a mild throat pain case, you would feel difficulty or discomfort in eating or drinking. However, in a more severe case, you can experience a sharp and painful sensation every time you swallow. Throat pain, when left untreated, can lead to other disorders, complications, and even unhealthy weight loss.

For these reasons, you should know what causes throat pain, so you better prepare yourself.

What Causes Throat Pain?

While the most prevalent and common cause of throat pain is a common cold virus, it is not the only one. Throat pain can occur due to a wide variety of reasons and alignments.  Most of us experience it during some point in our life.

9 Most Common Cause of Throat Pain

1)    Viral Infection

Viral infections can cause throat pain. The most common diseases include flu, cold virus, measles, and chickenpox. Alternatively, mono and even mouth blisters can also cause sore throat. A childhood illness like croup, known for its rough barking cough, also causes throat pain.

2)    Bacterial Infection

Conditions like strep throat caused by a bacterial infection, like Streptococcus pyogenes, can lead to difficulty in swallowing and severe throat pain. While most bacterial infection swells the tonsils, others, like the Arcanobacterium haemolyticum, can cause rashes and severe pain in the throat. Bacterial infection, when left untreated, can lead to severe complications like kidney or heart damage. The treatment for this infection includes antibiotic medicines.

3)    Sinus Or Nasal Passageway Infection

During sinus and conditions like flu, where a runny nose can lead to postnasal drip, viruses, bacteria, and even fungus travel with that drip. This infects the mucus membrane at the back of the throat. The infected mucus membrane leads to a painful or sore throat.

Top Causes of Throat Pain - Best ENT NYC 02
(Source)

4)    Allergies

Allergies are also among one of the leading causes of throat pain. Allergies like dust, mold, pollen, or dander contribute directly to the sore throat. Some allergies indirectly affect the throat by contributing to the postnasal drip, inflammation, and irritation of the throat.

5)    Acid Reflux

Acid reflux is the acid from our stomach that travels to the esophagus, up to our throat and mouth. Not only is acid reflux a leading cause for throat pain, but it is also a very prevailing cause of tooth erosion. Acid reflux is worse in the morning as compared to the night while we sleep.

6)    Irritation

Throat irritations from inhaling chemicals, dry air or cigarette, and tobacco smoke can cause sore, rough, and itchy throat. Other things that can cause throat irritation are breathing through your mouth for too long, chronic nasal congestion, outdoor pollution, eating spicy foods, and drinking alcohol.

7)    Laryngitis

Laryngitis can occur when there is an excessive strain or overuse of the voice. This is most common in signers and individuals who have regular use of loud voice in their occupation. Laryngitis can cause hoarseness and muscle strain, as well.

8)    Surgery and Post-Intubation

Post intubation is a sure cause of sore throat. It is a pain you experience when you have a breathing tube inserted due to an injury, illness, or after surgery. Fortunately, it is a temporary discomfort that subsides after a day or two after the removal of the tube.

Similarly, procedures like a thyroidectomy and EGD can cause throat pain.

9)    Cancer and Tumor

Throat pain because of cancer or other growth, is a rare yet plausible situation. The signs and symptoms of these conditions include difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, noisy breathing, feeling a lump in the back of your throat, or having blood appear in the phlegm or saliva. If you notice more than one of these symptoms in yourself, then book an appointment with a certified ENT specialist to get yourself evacuated. Nothing is worse than finding a cancerous throat, tongue, or voice box tumor at the very last stage.

Final Thoughts

Throat pain can happen due to any number of reasons, from mild infections to severe tumors. Therefore, certified Otolaryngologist and ENT specialists like Dr. Michael C. Burnett, MD, suggests evaluating your sore throat as early as you can. For more information about your throat pain, you can contact Dr. Burnett by calling 212-644-8350 or visiting the clinic on suite 600, between Park Avenue and Lexington Avenue, New York.

Neck Mass: Causes and Treatment

Neck mass is an abnormal lump present in the neck. Depending on what’s causing the neck mass, they can be painful or painless. The painless neck mass is so subtle that they can go unnoticed for an extended period. Doctors are usually the ones to discover them during an examination.

Neck Mass: Causes and Treatment
(Source)

What Causes A Neck Mass?

Neck masses are enlarging lymph nodes; other times, they are congenital cysts, enlarge salivary glands, or thyroid glands.

1.     Enlarged Lymph Nodes

Enlarged lymph nodes are most common among younger people. This neck mass in the lymph nodes develops because of any of the following reasons:

  • Direct lymph node bacterial infection known as lymphadenitis. Nodes infected with this bacterial infection are very tender to touch.
  • Reaction or response to nearby infections, like the dental, throat, or upper respiratory infection;
    since they are not tender but soft in this situation, they return to their standard shape once the infection goes away.
  • Reaction to certain systematic infections can cause multiple lymph nodes enlargement, some of which are present in the neck. The most common type of such neck mass comes in the form of conditions like mono, HIV, and tuberculosis.
  • One severe form of enlarged lymph node neck mass is the serious cancerous neck lumps.

2.     Congenital Cysts

Cysts masses in the neck are hollow and fluid-filled. These masses are typically harmless. When infection of any sort spreads to these masses, it is then that they become harmful.

The reason for them being harmless is that some cysts, like the epidermoid cyst, develop inside the skin. In addition, complications in fetal development can also lead to abnormalities like cysts being present in the neck since birth.

3.     Enlarge Salivary Glands

Neck mass can also occur in the form of salivary glands enlarging. These glands are present under the jaw, also known as the submandibular gland. They form neck mass when a stone blocks them, they get infected or develop cancer.

4.     Enlarge Thyroid Glands

Thyroid glands enlargement is the most common cause of neck mass. These glands are present above the breast bone in the middle of the neck. Among the types of thyroid gland enlargement, the most common is the goiter that is benign or noncancerous. Cancerous and inflamed thyroid gland neck mass are less common.

5.     Cancerous Neck Lumps

Maligant neck lumps are cancerous. These neck mass occur most commonly in elderly individuals but can also happen in younger people. These cancerous lumps or nodes are not tender or painful, but they are rock hard to touch.

These cancerous lumps can possibly be masses of nearby structures, such as, from the throat or mouth, which has grown to the neck. These lymph nodes can also form when cancer spreads from a distant part of the body. Moreover, they can also occur when cancer arises in the lymphatic system itself as in lymphoma.

ENT Doctor NYC for Neck Mass
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How Is A Neck Mass Treated?

The treatment for any neck mass varies with the cause of neck mass. However, treating a cancerous neck lumps follows a standard surgical procedure. When doctors find no sign of cancer cells anywhere else, other than the ones found in enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, then they remove the entire lump containing the cancer cells. Moreover, doctors sometimes remove additional lymph nodes and fatty tissues present in the neck along with the cancerous lump. As a precautionary method, if the tumor in the neck mass is large enough, then the doctors might also have to remove the internal jugular vein with nearby nerves and muscles.

Final Thought

It is better to get your neck mass examined as soon as you notice any swelling or lump. Many certified Otolaryngologist and ENT specialists, like Dr. Michael C. Burnett, MD, suggest that the painless neck mass are the most worrisome. As a precaution, get them checked immediately. ENT specialists also provide us with a brief list of warning signs that we should keep a lookout for. These include:

  • Having a tough lump
  • Noticing any sort of growth or lump in your mouth
  • Experiencing hoarseness or difficulty in swallowing
  • Noticing a new lump

For more information about your neck mass, call Dr. Michael Burnett at 212-867-4813.

Hoarseness: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

What Is Hoarseness?

Hoarseness is a change in the pitch or volume of your voice. The abnormal change can include your voice being harsh, deep, raspy, weak, strained, or even breathy. It can also include any other change in volume or pitch of your voice that you consider to be abnormal. Hoarseness can occur due to a wide range of reasons. However, it most commonly happens when the larynx or vocal folds in your throat are suffering from any disorder.

Hoarseness Causes Symptoms Treatment 01
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While Hoarseness itself isn’t a disease, it is known to be a symptom of many diseases, which is why it is a good idea to know more about it,and find out and find out what the causes are how you can treat it.

What Cause Hoarseness?

Hoarseness can happen due to several reasons. However, the most general cause of Hoarseness lies in the disorders of the larynx or the vocal cords.

The vocal cords are present in the larynx, also known as the voice box, which is a part of our respiratory tract. You might have heard of the outer layer of the larynx since it is most commonly known as the “Adam’s apple.” Inside the larynx, the vocal cords form a very prominent “V” shape, with two bands of muscles. It is these bands or vocal cords that vibrate and produce sound every time we speak or sing. If your vocal cords were to suffer from any disorder, the quality of the sound they create would be different from what you are used to.

In other words, injury, irritation, or inflammation to the vocal cords can result in hoarseness. Fortunately, the causes of this hoarseness usually are viral, temporary, and tend not to last long. If it lasts less than two weeks, then that is normal. However, if hoarseness causes difficulty in breathing or if it lasts longer than two weeks, then that can be a sign of a more serious issue. For that reason, consider booking an appointment with an ENT specialist immediately.

Apart from this most common cause of Hoarseness, other causes may include:

  • Vocal cord paralysis
  • Cysts, benign vocal cord nodules or polyps
  • Allergies, or the common cold
  • Respiratory tract infection
  • GERD or the gastroesophageal reflux
  • Thyroid problem
  • Smoking
  • Trauma to the vocal cords or larynx
  • Inhaling respiratory tract irritants
  • Larynx cancer
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Neurological disorder and conditions like Parkinson’s disease
  • Vocal abuse

Signs and Symptoms

The dead giveaway of Hoarseness is the quality of your sound. Hoarseness typically gives your voice a harsh or raspy sound. Other associated symptoms, and the rapidity of the onset of those symptoms, all depend on the underlying cause of it.

The signs, symptoms, or any other abnormality that you might notice, are your body’s way of telling you that something is wrong. You would do well not to take this lightly.

Hoarseness Doctor

Hoarseness that is recurring or persistent can very well be a warning sign of larynx cancer. The degree and severity of your diagnoses will depend entirely on your physical examination and your medical history. For this reason, we advise you to consider getting a diagnosis from a certified health care provider rather than self-diagnosing it.

Treatment of Hoarseness

While you can take easy preventive measures for Hoarseness like avoiding strenuous use of your voice and ceasing smoking, the proper treatment is somewhat tricky. The course of treatment for Hoarseness varies with each underlying cause.

For example:

  • Acute laryngitis can require conservative treatments.
  • Irritation and injury to the vocal cord can demand vocal rest.
  • GERD or gastroesophageal reflux can require medication.
  • Treating a Trauma to the vocal cords, Polyps or benging nodules, and larynx cancer may require surgery.

Final Thoughts

If Hoarseness persists for more than two weeks or is causing difficulties in breathing, then have it evaluated as soon as possible. Moreover, certified Otolaryngologist and ENT specialists like Dr. Michael C. Burnett, MD, highly suggest urgent medical attention to Hoarseness that is associated with throat pain.

In any case, you should not take Hoarseness lightly. You can get more information about your Hoarseness from Dr. Burnett by calling 212-867-4813 and visiting us at 115 East 57th Street
(Between Park + Lexington Ave.) Suite 600, New York, NY 10022.

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ENT Doctor for Throat Pain

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Michael C. Burnett, MD

115 East 57th Street
(Between Park + Lexington Ave.)
Suite 600
New York, NY 10022

212-867-4813