What is an otolaryngology clinic? The word otolaryngology is a shorter form of the longer medical term: otorhinolaryngology. These medical terms are derived from the Greek root words otos (meaning; ear), rhino (meaning: nose), laryngo (meaning: windpipe), and logos (meaning: science).
Otolaryngology is a medical specialty that studies the ears, nose, throat, head, and neck. According to historians, it was during the 19th century that the healthcare system realized the need for ENTs.
Throughout the years of their practice, doctors of the time found connections between the ears, nose, and throat. They realized that these organs were deeply related to one another through a network of passageways and tubes.
This discovery gave birth to the new medical field of otolaryngology that deals with health issues relating to the ears, nose, and throat as well as the head and neck. It is the reason that otolaryngologists are called ENTs.
ENT specialists are doctors that specialize in the studies, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases developing in the ear, nose, throat, head, and neck. Each organ in the human body plays a vital role in the functioning and maintenance of overall health. Therefore, it is important to have doctors with special training that can treat relevant organs with precision and detailed attention.
Treating health conditions that affect the ears, nose, and throat is crucial to maintaining normal bodily functions like voice, speech, tasting, hearing, and breathing. Primary care consultants refer patients to otolaryngologists if they show signs of disease in the ears, larynx, mouth, throat, nose, neck, and head.
Areas of Expertise in Otolaryngology
The areas of expertise in otolaryngology are:
Otology and Neurotology
ENT doctors or otolaryngologists can treat various ear and balance conditions such as hearing loss, ear infections, dizziness, tinnitus, pain in the neck, etc.
The nose plays a vital role in protecting the body from pathogens that may enter through breathing. Otolaryngology also deals with health conditions such as allergies, deformities in the septum, sinusitis, nasal obstruction, tumors, and rhinitis.
Some conditions can affect your ability to speak and swallow. These include hoarseness, sore throat, vocal cord disorders, throat tumors, airway disorders, obstructions, throat infections, and GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease).
Thyroid/ Head and Neck
Some of our body’s most important organs are found in or near the head and neck. This makes these areas more susceptible to tumors and cancers. Visiting an ENT specialist can help treat benign neck masses and tumors, thyroid disorders, enlarged thyroid glands, parathyroid disease, and Graves’ disease.
In many cases, patients are unable to sleep restfully due to obstructions in nasal passageways and airways. In fact, sleep apnea is a common condition that results in sleep-disordered breathing and loud snoring. ENTs can remove obstructions to correct breathing patterns during sleep.
Many conditions such as birth defects, diseases, accidents, and injuries can lead to facial trauma and transformed appearance. Otolaryngologists can treat drooping eyelids, facial paralysis, ear deformities, cancer reconstruction of head and neck, hair loss, and cleft palates through facial plastic surgery.
The developing senses and bodies of children often need extra care and attention. The medical field of otolaryngology also deals with developmental delays, infections in tonsils and adenoids, and birth defects in children. ENTs also treat asthma, allergies, airway issues, etc.
When Should You Take a Trip to an Otolaryngology Clinic?
Here are some situations when you would want to visit an otolaryngologist:
Although hearing loss is natural during aging years, it can also be a sign of serious health conditions at times.
Lump in Throat or Neck
Mouth, thyroid, throat, and blood cancers first spread to the lymph nodes in your throat, forming lumps.
Loud and Frequent Snoring Problem
Loud and frequent snoring is often related to serious health conditions like sleep apnea.
Long-Term Sinus Issues
If your sinusitis prevails for long periods of time, it may be a sign that you need surgery.
What is an Otolaryngology Clinic? Conclusion
Dr. Michael C. Burnett, MD, offers his patients comprehensive and compassionate care for all ENT-related health issues. If you are looking for the best otolaryngology clinic in NYC, visit us any time during working hours. Or you can also give us a call at (212) 867-4813 to book your appointment.
Michael C. Burnett, MD
115 East 57th Street
New York, NY 10022