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Dr. Michael Burnett Specializes in Problems of the Ear, Nose, Sinuses and Throat.

As of June 1st, We have reopened our office and are now taking in office consultations.

An ear, nose and throat specialist (ENT) is a physician trained in the medical and surgical treatment of the ears, nose, throat, and related structures of the head and neck. They have special expertise in managing diseases of the ears, nose and nasal passage sinuses, larynx (voice box), oral cavity and upper pharynx (mouth and throat), as well as structures of the neck and face. ENT is the oldest medical specialty in the United States.

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212-867-4813


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Michael Burnett, MD


Top 9 Causes of Throat Pain

Top Causes of Throat Pain
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What causes throat pain? Throat pain can be anything from slight discomfort to severe irritation and scratchiness. Although throat pain can occur due to a variety of reasons, the most common cause is the flu or the common cold.

In a mild throat pain case, you would feel difficulty or discomfort in eating or drinking. However, in a more severe case, you can experience a sharp and painful sensation every time you swallow. Throat pain, when left untreated, can lead to other disorders, complications, and even unhealthy weight loss.

For these reasons, you should know what causes throat pain, so you better prepare yourself.

What Causes Throat Pain?

While the most prevalent and common cause of throat pain is a common cold virus, it is not the only one. Throat pain can occur due to a wide variety of reasons and alignments.  Most of us experience it during some point in our life.

9 Most Common Cause of Throat Pain

1)    Viral Infection

Viral infections can cause throat pain. The most common diseases include flu, cold virus, measles, and chickenpox. Alternatively, mono and even mouth blisters can also cause sore throat. A childhood illness like croup, known for its rough barking cough, also causes throat pain.

2)    Bacterial Infection

Conditions like strep throat caused by a bacterial infection, like Streptococcus pyogenes, can lead to difficulty in swallowing and severe throat pain. While most bacterial infection swells the tonsils, others, like the Arcanobacterium haemolyticum, can cause rashes and severe pain in the throat. Bacterial infection, when left untreated, can lead to severe complications like kidney or heart damage. The treatment for this infection includes antibiotic medicines.

3)    Sinus Or Nasal Passageway Infection

During sinus and conditions like flu, where a runny nose can lead to postnasal drip, viruses, bacteria, and even fungus travel with that drip. This infects the mucus membrane at the back of the throat. The infected mucus membrane leads to a painful or sore throat.

Top Causes of Throat Pain - Best ENT NYC 02
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4)    Allergies

Allergies are also among one of the leading causes of throat pain. Allergies like dust, mold, pollen, or dander contribute directly to the sore throat. Some allergies indirectly affect the throat by contributing to the postnasal drip, inflammation, and irritation of the throat.

5)    Acid Reflux

Acid reflux is the acid from our stomach that travels to the esophagus, up to our throat and mouth. Not only is acid reflux a leading cause for throat pain, but it is also a very prevailing cause of tooth erosion. Acid reflux is worse in the morning as compared to the night while we sleep.

6)    Irritation

Throat irritations from inhaling chemicals, dry air or cigarette, and tobacco smoke can cause sore, rough, and itchy throat. Other things that can cause throat irritation are breathing through your mouth for too long, chronic nasal congestion, outdoor pollution, eating spicy foods, and drinking alcohol.

7)    Laryngitis

Laryngitis can occur when there is an excessive strain or overuse of the voice. This is most common in signers and individuals who have regular use of loud voice in their occupation. Laryngitis can cause hoarseness and muscle strain, as well.

8)    Surgery and Post-Intubation

Post intubation is a sure cause of sore throat. It is a pain you experience when you have a breathing tube inserted due to an injury, illness, or after surgery. Fortunately, it is a temporary discomfort that subsides after a day or two after the removal of the tube.

Similarly, procedures like a thyroidectomy and EGD can cause throat pain.

9)    Cancer and Tumor

Throat pain because of cancer or other growth, is a rare yet plausible situation. The signs and symptoms of these conditions include difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, noisy breathing, feeling a lump in the back of your throat, or having blood appear in the phlegm or saliva. If you notice more than one of these symptoms in yourself, then book an appointment with a certified ENT specialist to get yourself evacuated. Nothing is worse than finding a cancerous throat, tongue, or voice box tumor at the very last stage.

Final Thoughts

Throat pain can happen due to any number of reasons, from mild infections to severe tumors. Therefore, certified Otolaryngologist and ENT specialists like Dr. Michael C. Burnett, MD, suggests evaluating your sore throat as early as you can. For more information about your throat pain, you can contact Dr. Burnett by calling 212-644-8350 or visiting the clinic on suite 600, between Park Avenue and Lexington Avenue, New York.

Do You Need An ENT Doctor For Sinus Surgery?

Do You Need An ENT Doctor for Sinus Surgery? Sinuses are a hollow cavity in the skull and are the connected system. The largest sinus cavity is approximately an inch long. Other sinuses are smaller. Sinus lines up with pink and soft tissue called mucosa. Sinuses only contain a thin layer of mucus. Nose insides contain turbinates, which are the ridges helping with filter air and humidity. The septum is a thin wall dividing your nose. The middle meatus is a drainage pathway or small channel that connects from sinuses to nose. Experts do not know the main reason for the presence of sinuses, but some suggest that it enhances our voice or help in humidifying the air.

Here are some more details about the Sinuses:

  • Ethmoid sinuses are between your eyes
  • Maxillary sinuses are the largest sinus and locate inside your cheekbones.
  • Sphenoid sinuses are in the bone, which is behind your nose.
  • Frontal sinuses are at the bottom middle part of your forehead.

ENT Doctor for Sinus Surgery 01
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Sinus Surgery

During sinus surgery, a surgeon opens up the passageway and clear blockage of the sinuses. If a person is suffering from an ongoing sinus infection, abnormal growth of sinus, or unusual sinus structure, this surgery is the best option. Before attempting this surgery, the doctor may try other procedures and treatments if sinus infection remains; they perform this surgery. This procedure is brief and has few complications; it can also be a bit of discomfort.

Sinus Conditions

Acute Sinusitis (Sinus Infection)

Sinus infection or sinusitis is an extreme health condition. If it affects around 31 million people in the United States of America. People spent $1billion for the OTC medications, $150 for prescription medications, and have 16 million visits to the doctor every year just for sinus infection. People with these symptoms are at higher risks of a sinus infection:

  • The weak immune system in people can put them at high risk.
  • Blockage due to unusual structure in the sinus or nose
  • Allergies
  • Asthma

Chronic Sinusitis (Chronic Rhino Sinusitis)

Chronic sinusitis or chronic rhinosinusitis is a condition that occurs in your sinus and nose when the spaces get inflame and swell. Chronic sinusitis may last for three or more than three months, and won’t go despite treatment. This makes your nose stuffy and interferes with the drainage of your mucus. This will make it difficult to breathe through the nose, and makes the area around your eyes tender or swell. Chronic sinusitis can be a cause of swelling of sinuses lining, nasal polyps, or any kind of infection. This condition can affect children and adults.

Deviated Septum

When your nasal septum, which is the cartilage and bone between the nostrils and divides, your nasal cavity becomes crooked, or off-centered, you are suffering from a deviated septum. This may cause you problems in breathing.

Hay Fever (Allergic Rhinitis)

Allergens like dust mites, pet dander, and pollen can cause overreaction and trigger your defense system in sinuses and nose. It may lead to sneezing, mucus, nasal stuffiness, and itching.

Nasal Polyp

A nasal polyp grows from the nose and sinus lining, and is a noncancerous tumor. These polyps may occur in the left and right (both) nasal passage and block the airflow. Nasal polyps can decrease your senses of smell and make your nose stuffy. Not every growth and blockage in the nose and sinus are nasal polyps.

Best Sinus Surgery NYC
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Types of Sinus Surgery

A well-known surgical procedure for patients suffering from chronic sinusitis is endoscopic sinus surgery.  If you are having dangerous and rare fungal infections and tumors may require external and traditional surgical approaches that involve cuts over the eyebrows or on the gum line. Surgeries for sinuses involve:

Functional Endoscopic Surgery

In this surgical procedure, an endoscope, which is a lightened tube or includes a camera, directly enters through sinuses and nose. In this method of surgery, surgeons can clean out the sinuses, remove tissues, and increase the size of sinuses opening for the drain.

Balloon Sinuplasty

A catheter is inserted, attached to an inflatable balloon into the sinus. This balloon then inflates to widen up the sinus openings.

Open Sinus Surgery

In some severe cases of chronic sinusitis, a slight cut to open up the sinus may help, or the removal of tissue which is infected can ease up the condition.

ENT Doctor for Sinus Surgery

Dr. Michael Burnett is one of the best ENT specialists in New York City. If you have any condition related to your sinuses, or believe you may need an ENT Doctor for Sinus Surgery, contact us today at 212-867-4813.

Neck Mass: Causes and Treatment

Neck mass is an abnormal lump present in the neck. Depending on what’s causing the neck mass, they can be painful or painless. The painless neck mass is so subtle that they can go unnoticed for an extended period. Doctors are usually the ones to discover them during an examination.

Neck Mass: Causes and Treatment
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What Causes A Neck Mass?

Neck masses are enlarging lymph nodes; other times, they are congenital cysts, enlarge salivary glands, or thyroid glands.

1.     Enlarged Lymph Nodes

Enlarged lymph nodes are most common among younger people. This neck mass in the lymph nodes develops because of any of the following reasons:

  • Direct lymph node bacterial infection known as lymphadenitis. Nodes infected with this bacterial infection are very tender to touch.
  • Reaction or response to nearby infections, like the dental, throat, or upper respiratory infection;
    since they are not tender but soft in this situation, they return to their standard shape once the infection goes away.
  • Reaction to certain systematic infections can cause multiple lymph nodes enlargement, some of which are present in the neck. The most common type of such neck mass comes in the form of conditions like mono, HIV, and tuberculosis.
  • One severe form of enlarged lymph node neck mass is the serious cancerous neck lumps.

2.     Congenital Cysts

Cysts masses in the neck are hollow and fluid-filled. These masses are typically harmless. When infection of any sort spreads to these masses, it is then that they become harmful.

The reason for them being harmless is that some cysts, like the epidermoid cyst, develop inside the skin. In addition, complications in fetal development can also lead to abnormalities like cysts being present in the neck since birth.

3.     Enlarge Salivary Glands

Neck mass can also occur in the form of salivary glands enlarging. These glands are present under the jaw, also known as the submandibular gland. They form neck mass when a stone blocks them, they get infected or develop cancer.

4.     Enlarge Thyroid Glands

Thyroid glands enlargement is the most common cause of neck mass. These glands are present above the breast bone in the middle of the neck. Among the types of thyroid gland enlargement, the most common is the goiter that is benign or noncancerous. Cancerous and inflamed thyroid gland neck mass are less common.

5.     Cancerous Neck Lumps

Maligant neck lumps are cancerous. These neck mass occur most commonly in elderly individuals but can also happen in younger people. These cancerous lumps or nodes are not tender or painful, but they are rock hard to touch.

These cancerous lumps can possibly be masses of nearby structures, such as, from the throat or mouth, which has grown to the neck. These lymph nodes can also form when cancer spreads from a distant part of the body. Moreover, they can also occur when cancer arises in the lymphatic system itself as in lymphoma.

ENT Doctor NYC for Neck Mass
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How Is A Neck Mass Treated?

The treatment for any neck mass varies with the cause of neck mass. However, treating a cancerous neck lumps follows a standard surgical procedure. When doctors find no sign of cancer cells anywhere else, other than the ones found in enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, then they remove the entire lump containing the cancer cells. Moreover, doctors sometimes remove additional lymph nodes and fatty tissues present in the neck along with the cancerous lump. As a precautionary method, if the tumor in the neck mass is large enough, then the doctors might also have to remove the internal jugular vein with nearby nerves and muscles.

Final Thought

It is better to get your neck mass examined as soon as you notice any swelling or lump. Many certified Otolaryngologist and ENT specialists, like Dr. Michael C. Burnett, MD, suggest that the painless neck mass are the most worrisome. As a precaution, get them checked immediately. ENT specialists also provide us with a brief list of warning signs that we should keep a lookout for. These include:

  • Having a tough lump
  • Noticing any sort of growth or lump in your mouth
  • Experiencing hoarseness or difficulty in swallowing
  • Noticing a new lump

For more information about your neck mass, call Dr. Michael Burnett at 212-867-4813.

Do You Have Nasal Polyps?

Nasal polyps result from an overgrowth of soft, painless, and noncancerous tissues in the sinuses, or the passage of the nose that hangs like a grape. They are a result of chronic inflammation and have a connection with allergies, asthma, drug sensitivity, recurring infection, or various immune conditions.

Small nasal polyps may not affect you, but a large group of nasal polyps can lead to breathing problems or block the passage of your nose completely. People who have this abnormal growth can also experience frequent infections and a loss of the sense of smell.

This condition can affect all age groups but is more common in adults. In some cases, medication can eliminate or shrink nasal polyps, but if this doesn’t work, your only option is surgery. In some cases, polyps can grow back after surgery and property treatment.

Nasal Polyps | Best ENT Doctor
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Symptoms of Nasal Polyps

You may have nasal polyps due to chronic sinusitis (swelling and irritation of the lining of sinuses and the nasal passage that lasts more than 12 weeks). Another possibility is that you have chronic sinusitis, not nasal polyps.

Nasal polyps are soft, without any sensation. Therefore, you might not notice them when they are small. A large of multiple polyps may block your sinuses and the nasal passage. Symptoms and common signs of chronic sinusitis along with nasal polyps include:

  • Stuffiness in the nose
  • Runny nose
  • Postnasal dripping
  • Headache and facial pain
  • Upper teeth pain
  • Snoring
  • Bleeding nose
  • Pressure over your face and forehead
  • Lacking a sense of smell and taste

Diagnosis of Nasal Polyps

Dr. Michael Burnett, an ENT surgeon in our clinic, usually diagnoses the condition by asking some questions, examining your nose, and conducting a general physical examination. An instrument with a light on it may easily highlight the Polyps. Other diagnostic tests to identify Polyps include:

1.     Nasal Endoscopy

The nasal endoscope is a narrow tube that contains a tiny camera or lighted magnifying lens that helps in examining the inside of your sinuses and the inner side of your nose.

2.     Imaging Studies

Computerized tomography or CT can obtain images that help the doctor locate Polyps in deeper areas. Doctors can also identify the size of polyps, evaluate the irritation, and swelling using this technique. This method can also identify other possibilities of blockage in your nasal cavities, such as the abnormality of the structure or any cancerous or noncancerous growth.

3.     Allergy Tests

Skin tests can determine if you have chronic inflammation due to an allergy. A skin prick test involves pricking allergens from your upper back skin or forearm to observe signs of an allergic reaction.

4.     Test for Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis is a condition that genetically affects the glands of your child, producing sweat, mucus, tears, digestive juices, and saliva. If your child has nasal polyps, this test can further help determine the presence of cystic fibrosis. The doctor will examine the saltiness of your child’s sweat. Excessive saltiness may point to the presence of cystic fibrosis.

5.     Blood Test

Blood tests may also help identify the condition. For instance, Nasal Polyps are associated with a low level of vitamin D.

Nasal Polyps Causes Diagnosis | NYC ENT Doctor
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Risk Factors of Nasal Polyps

Long-term inflammation and swelling in your nasal area or sinuses can increase the risk of developing polyps. Conditions that lead to nasal polyps include:

  • Aspirin sensitivity
  • Asthma – This is a disease that causes your airway to become narrow.
  • Vitamin D deficiency – Lack of vitamin D can also lead to nasal polyps
  • Family History – You may also be at risk of developing this condition due to hereditary reasons.
  • Cystic Fibrosis – This is also a genetic disorder that produces abnormally thick and sticky fluids in the body. This fluid includes the development of excessive mucus in the sinus and nasal linings.
  • Allergic Fungal Sinusitis – This allergy spreads through airborne fungi and leads to nasal polyps.
  • Churg-Strauss Syndrome – This is a rare disease caused due to the swelling of blood vessels.

Conclusion

Nasal Polyps can cause complications as a result of blocked airflow and the presence of fluid that does not drain away. Moreover, this condition may also develop inflammation and irritation with time. If symptoms of this condition last for more than ten days, you should immediately visit a doctor to avoid serious circumstances.

Dr. Michael Burnett is the best ENT doctor in NYC, an expert in treating a wide variety of sinus, nose, and throat conditions.

To schedule an appointment, please call us at 212-867-4813.

Nasal Allergies: Symptoms & Causes

Nasal allergies or allergic rhinitis are among the common health problems. This condition can be seasonal, which means that you may feel the symptoms at a specific time of the year. This can only be perennial, meaning it can cause throughout the year. This condition may also occur with other health problems like asthma.

Nasal Allergies
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Allergic Reactions

Your body’s reaction to an allergen can cause your allergy. Allergens are substances that cause abnormal responses to your body. Common allergens that may cause nasal allergies or an adverse reaction include:

  • Mold
  • Pollen
  • Air pollution
  • Feathered and furry animals
  • Dust mites

Allergens are generally harmless, but when a person has an allergy, the body considers it as harmful. Your body reacts and indicates antibodies to attack this substance. When allergens stick to antibodies, they make mass cells release chemicals like histamine. This chemical disturbs nearby nasal tissues causing you symptoms of nasal allergies.

Common Symptoms of Nasal Allergies

Due to allergies, your nasal tissue can swell, making your air passages smaller. This will also stuff up nose, excessive mucus formation, nose plug, and dripping out from the nose. Moreover, you will feel a postnasal drip, which is dripping of mucus through the throat. Sinus tissue will swell, causing you headache and pain. Some common symptoms of allergy are:

  • Sneezing
  • Watery and red eyes
  • Coughing
  • Headache
  • Nasal congestion
  • Itchy nose, ears eyes, and throat
  • Ear congestion
  • Postnasal drip
  • Sore throat
  • Sinus swell and pain
  • Runny nose and watery discharge

1.     Stuffy and Runny Nose

A most common symptom of nasal allergy is a stuffy or runny nose. You can start recovering by stopping allergy triggers. For that, you need to know what triggers your allergy. But it is hard to avoid some triggers. All you need to do is to reduce exposure to these allergens. Some people use Neti pot or a nasal rinse to clear congestion. Over-the-counter decongestants, antihistamines, and cromolyn sodium nasal sprays can help to control symptoms of nasal allergies. Do not use the nasal spray for more than three days without consulting the doctor. Always follow the direction to use OTC medicine. If you did not recover in seven days, you need to see a doctor.

2.     Sinus Pressure

Sinuses are cavities behind your cheeks, eyes, and forehead. Mucus buildup in this area due to allergies can cause you pain or pressure. Applying moist and warm cloth on your face or taking steam a few times a day can help reduce sinus congestion. Saline nasal spray can also help.

3.     Itchy Eyes

One of the common symptoms of allergy is watery or itchy eyes. It may not cause you any vision problems or severe eye issues, but it can be irritating.

To prevent itchy eyes, you have to avoid the triggers that can cause you allergies. For instance, if pollen can cause you allergy, you can keep your windows close, when you are inside. When you go out, you can wear a mask and sunglasses to protect your eyes and keep you away from allergens.

You should avoid wearing contact lenses as this can cause a reaction and do not rub your eyes, since you may irritate your eyes more. You can place a cold cloth on your eyes or use artificial tears to soothe your eyes. OTC medication, prescription, or eye drops can help to relieve you from this symptom.

Nasal Allergies Doctor NYC
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4.     Post-Nasal Drip

Your body naturally generates mucus, and you continuously swallow it without knowing. During postnasal drip, your body either creates more mucus, or it becomes thick. This makes you feel the dripping into your throat from the back of your nose. It may also cause you irritation and pain as you feel a lump in your throat. When this happens, allergens can easily stick to the blockage due to mucus triggering allergies. To avoid this, you should continuously drink fluids, or you can use a saline nasal spray, which makes the mucus thin.

5.     Nasal Congestion

Nasal congestion is the term to refer to the difficulty of breathing in and out. This symptom may cause for various reasons, and the most common one is due to swelling and inflammation of the tissues of sinuses and nasal passage.

Get Nasal Allergies Treatment – Best ENT Telemedicine

If you are feeling any of the above symptoms for more than a week, schedule a telemedicine appointment with ENT specialist Dr. Michael Burnett.

(212) 644-8350

For more information, visit our website at: https://earnosethroatofnewyork.com/

Nasal Congestion: Causes & Treatment

Nasal congestion is a condition that causes you to feel an obstacle or difficulty in breathing from your nose. This condition is also known as a stuffy nose, which is different from a runny nose.

Most commonly, the reason for nasal congestion is swelling and inflammation of the lining tissue in the sinuses and nasal passages. In contrast to this, the less common cause of nasal congestion is anatomical obstruction. Nasal congestion can get worse with prolonged use of nasal decongestant drops or sprays.

Nasal Congestion
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Common Causes of Nasal Congestion

When your nose is stuffed and inflamed, you may experience congestion. Many minor illnesses like sinus infections, colds, flu, etc. can lead to a stuffy nose. If you have congestion-related injuries, they may improve within one week. But if they last longer, you may have some severe health issues. In rare cases, nasal congestion can be a result of chronic medical conditions or nasal passage tumors. Some long-term nasal conditions associated with congestion are as follows:

  • Nasal Polyps
  • Bronchiolitis
  • Environmental Irritants
  • Nasal passage tumors
  • Vasomotor Rhinitis
  • Enlarged Adenoid
  • Nasal passage blocked by some foreign element
  • Injury/Trauma to the sinuses or nose
  • Various Medications
  • Viral Infections

Pregnancy can also be a cause of nasal congestion. An increase in blood supply and hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy may cause nasal congestion. Nasal membrane affects these changes due to dry, inflamed, or bleeding nose.

Home Remedies for Nasal Congestion

You may also get relief from nasal congestion by using home remedies. For instance, a humidifier adding moisture to the air may help clear up the mucus and ease you from the inflammation of the nasal passage. However, asthma patients should discuss with their doctors before using a humidifier. You can also prop your head with the pillow to let mucus flow out from the nasal passage.

Saline sprays can also show benefits for all ages, whereas you should use aspirator for babies. An aspirator helps in removing mucus from the baby’s nose. You can also follow below home remedies to get relief from nasal congestion:

  • Place warm and wet towel on the face
  • Prop your head
  • Avoid chlorinated pools
  • Use bulb syringe, neti pot, or a nasal irrigator
  • A nasal saline spray may also help
  • Use vaporizer or humidifier
  • Take a long shower
  • Taking steam from a hot water pot may also help in opening up your nasal passage
  • Drinking lots of fluid may also help

When to Visit a Doctor

When your congestion is due to some serious health conditions, home remedies might not work, and you will need to visit a doctor. You may need proper treatment, especially when your situation is causing you pain and disturbing your everyday activities. If you see the following symptoms, immediately visit an ENT specialist:

  • Congesting along with high fever for more than three days
  • Congesting lasting for ten days
  • Emphysema, or asthma
  • Fever and sinus pain with green nasal discharge

If you have a head injury recently and are having a bloody nasal discharge with a continuous flow of clear discharge, visit an ENT surgeon right away.

Infants and children

Nasal congestion is highly threatening for infants. If an infant is having trouble during feeding due to nose blockage, this may cause severe breathing problems. Furthermore, this may also cause difficulty in hearing and speech development.

If you find any symptoms of nasal congestion in infants, you need to contact a doctor immediately. You can contact Dr. Michael Burnett, who is one of the best ENT specialists in New York. He can work on your baby’s nasal congestion to provide the best treatment options.

Nasal Congestion Doctor NYC
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Treatment for Nasal Congestion

Once the doctor determines the leading cause of nasal congestion, he/she will give you a treatment plan to follow. Treatments include OTC or prescription medication to resolve the symptoms. Medicine for nasal congestion may include:

  • Oral antihistamines for allergies, such as Zyrtec and Claritin.
  • Nasal steroids
  • Nasal sprays containing antihistamines
  • OTC or prescribed decongestants
  • Antibiotics

Schedule an ENT Telemedicine Appointment with Dr. Michael Burnett

It is better to visit a doctor before you try any medication and home remedy, as the cause of your nasal congestion might be a bacterial infection or some other complication of a medical condition.

Call today to schedule an ENT Telemedicine appointment with ENT specialist Dr. Michael Burnett at 212-867-4813

Nasal Allergies

Nasal allergies or allergic rhinitis are among common health problems. The condition can be seasonal, which means that you may feel the symptoms at a specific time of the year, or perennial, meaning it can  throughout the year. This condition may also occur with other health problems like asthma.

Allergic Reaction

Your body’s reaction with an allergen may cause your allergy. Allergen is a substance causing abnormal responses to your body. Common allergens that may be a threat for your body include:

  • Mold
  • Pollen
  • Cockroaches
  • Feathered and furry animals
  • Dust mites

Allergens are generally harmless, but when a person has an allergy, the body considers it as harmful. Your body reacts and indicates antibodies to attack this substance. When allergens stick to antibodies, they make mass cells release chemicals like histamine. This chemical disturbs nearby nasal tissues causing you symptoms of nasal allergies.

Common Symptoms of Nasal Allergies

Due to allergies, your nasal tissue can swell, making your air passages smaller. This will also stuff up nose, excessive mucus formation, nose plug, and dripping out from the nose. Moreover, you will feel a postnasal drip, which is dripping of mucus through the throat. Sinus tissue will swell, causing you headache and pain. Some common symptoms of allergy are:

  • Sneezing
  • Watery and red eyes
  • Coughing
  • Headache
  • Nasal congestion
  • Itchy nose, ears eyes, and throat
  • Ear congestion
  • Postnasal drip
  • Sore throat
  • Sinus swell and pain
  • Runny nose and watery discharge

1.     Stuffy and Runny Nose

A most common symptom of nasal allergy is a stuffy or runny nose. You can start recovering by stopping allergy triggers. For that, you need to know what triggers your allergy. But it is hard to avoid some triggers. All you need to do is to reduce exposure to these allergens. Some people use Neti pot or a nasal rinse to clear congestion. Over-the-counter decongestants, antihistamines, and cromolyn sodium nasal sprays can help to control symptoms of nasal allergies. Do not use the nasal spray for more than three days without consulting the doctor. Always follow the direction to use OTC medicine. If you did not recover in seven days, you need to see a doctor.

2.     Sinus Pressure

Sinuses are cavities behind your cheeks, eyes, and forehead. Mucus buildup in this area due to allergies can cause you pain or pressure. Applying moist and warm cloth on your face or taking steam a few times a day can help reduce sinus congestion. Saline nasal spray can also help.

3.     Itchy Eyes

One of the common symptoms of allergy is watery or itchy eyes. It may not cause you any vision problems or severe eye issues, but it can be irritating.

To prevent itchy eyes, you have to avoid the triggers that can cause you allergies. For instance, if pollen can cause you allergy, you can keep your windows close, when you are inside. When you go out, you can wear a mask and sunglasses to protect your eyes and keep you away from allergens.

You should avoid wearing contact lenses as this can cause a reaction and do not rub your eyes, since you may irritate your eyes more. You can place a cold cloth on your eyes or use artificial tears to soothe your eyes. OTC medication, prescription, or eye drops can help to relieve you from this symptom.

4.     Post-Nasal Drip

Your body naturally generates mucus, and you continuously swallow it without knowing. During postnasal drip, your body either creates more mucus, or it becomes thick. This makes you feel the dripping into your throat from the back of your nose. It may also cause you irritation and pain as you feel a lump in your throat. When this happens, allergens can easily stick to the blockage due to mucus triggering allergies. To avoid this, you should continuously drink fluids, or you can use a saline nasal spray, which makes the mucus thin.

5.     Nasal Congestion

Nasal congestion is the term to refer to the difficulty of breathing in and out. This symptom may cause for various reasons, and the most common one is due to swelling and inflammation of the tissues of sinuses and nasal passage.

Conclusion

If you are feeling any of the above symptoms for more than a week, visit an ENT specialist. You can consult the best ENT Doctor Michael Burnett. To book an appointment, please contact us below:

Michael C. Burnett, MD

115 East 57th Street
(Between Park + Lexington Ave.)
Suite 600
New York, NY 10022

212-867-4813

Hoarseness: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

What Is Hoarseness?

Hoarseness is a change in the pitch or volume of your voice. The abnormal change can include your voice being harsh, deep, raspy, weak, strained, or even breathy. It can also include any other change in volume or pitch of your voice that you consider to be abnormal. Hoarseness can occur due to a wide range of reasons. However, it most commonly happens when the larynx or vocal folds in your throat are suffering from any disorder.

Hoarseness Causes Symptoms Treatment 01
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While Hoarseness itself isn’t a disease, it is known to be a symptom of many diseases, which is why it is a good idea to know more about it,and find out and find out what the causes are how you can treat it.

What Cause Hoarseness?

Hoarseness can happen due to several reasons. However, the most general cause of Hoarseness lies in the disorders of the larynx or the vocal cords.

The vocal cords are present in the larynx, also known as the voice box, which is a part of our respiratory tract. You might have heard of the outer layer of the larynx since it is most commonly known as the “Adam’s apple.” Inside the larynx, the vocal cords form a very prominent “V” shape, with two bands of muscles. It is these bands or vocal cords that vibrate and produce sound every time we speak or sing. If your vocal cords were to suffer from any disorder, the quality of the sound they create would be different from what you are used to.

In other words, injury, irritation, or inflammation to the vocal cords can result in hoarseness. Fortunately, the causes of this hoarseness usually are viral, temporary, and tend not to last long. If it lasts less than two weeks, then that is normal. However, if hoarseness causes difficulty in breathing or if it lasts longer than two weeks, then that can be a sign of a more serious issue. For that reason, consider booking an appointment with an ENT specialist immediately.

Apart from this most common cause of Hoarseness, other causes may include:

  • Vocal cord paralysis
  • Cysts, benign vocal cord nodules or polyps
  • Allergies, or the common cold
  • Respiratory tract infection
  • GERD or the gastroesophageal reflux
  • Thyroid problem
  • Smoking
  • Trauma to the vocal cords or larynx
  • Inhaling respiratory tract irritants
  • Larynx cancer
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Neurological disorder and conditions like Parkinson’s disease
  • Vocal abuse

Signs and Symptoms

The dead giveaway of Hoarseness is the quality of your sound. Hoarseness typically gives your voice a harsh or raspy sound. Other associated symptoms, and the rapidity of the onset of those symptoms, all depend on the underlying cause of it.

The signs, symptoms, or any other abnormality that you might notice, are your body’s way of telling you that something is wrong. You would do well not to take this lightly.

Hoarseness Doctor

Hoarseness that is recurring or persistent can very well be a warning sign of larynx cancer. The degree and severity of your diagnoses will depend entirely on your physical examination and your medical history. For this reason, we advise you to consider getting a diagnosis from a certified health care provider rather than self-diagnosing it.

Treatment of Hoarseness

While you can take easy preventive measures for Hoarseness like avoiding strenuous use of your voice and ceasing smoking, the proper treatment is somewhat tricky. The course of treatment for Hoarseness varies with each underlying cause.

For example:

  • Acute laryngitis can require conservative treatments.
  • Irritation and injury to the vocal cord can demand vocal rest.
  • GERD or gastroesophageal reflux can require medication.
  • Treating a Trauma to the vocal cords, Polyps or benging nodules, and larynx cancer may require surgery.

Final Thoughts

If Hoarseness persists for more than two weeks or is causing difficulties in breathing, then have it evaluated as soon as possible. Moreover, certified Otolaryngologist and ENT specialists like Dr. Michael C. Burnett, MD, highly suggest urgent medical attention to Hoarseness that is associated with throat pain.

In any case, you should not take Hoarseness lightly. You can get more information about your Hoarseness from Dr. Burnett by calling 212-867-4813 and visiting us at 115 East 57th Street
(Between Park + Lexington Ave.) Suite 600, New York, NY 10022.

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Michael C. Burnett, MD

115 East 57th Street
(Between Park + Lexington Ave.)
Suite 600
New York, NY 10022

212-867-4813