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Specializing in problems of the Ear, nose, sinuses and throat.

An ear, nose and throat specialist (ENT) is a physician trained in the medical and surgical treatment of the ears, nose, throat, and related structures of the head and neck. They have special expertise in managing diseases of the ears, nose and nasal passage sinuses, larynx (voice box), oral cavity and upper pharynx (mouth and throat), as well as structures of the neck and face. ENT is the oldest medical specialty in the United States.

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Category Archives: ENT Doctor

Common Ear Ache Causes

 Earache Causes

Ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialists handle a variety of problems. Among children, earaches are among the most common conditions affecting them. Adults, too, can suffer from this health problem, but children tend to get earaches more frequently. This includes infants and not simply school age children.

What Are Earaches?

As the name suggests, an earache is a condition that causes pain inside the ear. It may be a mild ache or a more severe pain. You or your child may require medical attention is the pain is severe and is accompanied by other symptoms including:

  •  Dizziness
  •  High fever
  •  Severe headache
  •  Swelling around the ear
  •  Discharge from the ear e.g. mucus or blood

These may indicate the potential of a ruptured eardrum.

Common Causes of Ear Aches

 Earache Causes

The causes of earaches vary. Anything that creates the conditions for a buildup of fluid in the middle ear can result in an earache. Earaches are often the result of any of the following occurrences:

  • Ear Infection: This is the most common reason you or your child may have an earache. Although otitis media (inflammation of the middle ear), is the major cause of infection, the basis of the problem may differ. The medical condition may be the result of a viral or bacterial infection. Bacterial infections are easily treated with antibiotics; viral infections are not.
  • Earwax Buildup
  •  Employing Cotton Swabs: Cleaning the ears with this or other devices, may damage the ear or create conditions causal factors in earaches. Never use sharp devices or anything that may harm your ears
  •  Foreign Object in the Ear
  • Pressure Changes: When you fly, the pressure may alter. This can result in a shift in fluid creating the conditions for an earache. The same may apply for climbing and other changes in altitude
  •  Sinusitis: Infection of your nasal cavities or sinuses
  •  Earache Causes Strep throat
  •  Water Trapped in the Ear: Any water or water-based product e.g. shampoo, that becomes trapped in the ear can create the discomfort known as earaches. Water may become trapped in your inner ear if you swim regularly. Infection may result if the water remains inside for an extended period or the water is contaminated with bacteria or other toxins
    Many of these problems can occur during the course of your day. If you seem prone to earaches, it is important you take precautions to decrease the number of incidents. Be careful when you wash your hair and wear a swim cap or ear plugs if you swim. Talk to your doctor or ENT specialist about any measures you can take to reduce your risk of the pain from earaches.

Contact us at 212-867-4813 to schedule a consultation.

What is Tonsillitis?

tonsilsTonsillitis is one of the most common ear, nose and throat conditions amongst adults and children in the United States. Tonsillitis affects the tonsils, which are two lymph nodes that are located at each side of the throat. Contrarily to popular opinion, people of all ages can get tonsillitis and it is not confined to children only. However, cases are less frequent in adults due to their stronger immune systems.

Tonsillitis is contagious and can be caused by many conditions, such as bacterial infections. Here are some of the causes, symptoms and treatment options for tonsillitis.

What Causes Tonsillitis?

To understand tonsillitis, you have to understand the function of the tonsils in the first place. The role of your tonsils is to work as a primary line of defense. They work by producing large amounts of white blood cells to help your body combat infections. They prevent various bacteria and viruses from entering through the throat area.

Since tonsils can prove to be vulnerable to these pathogens, inflammation may occur after exposition. Viruses are usually the main culprit for tonsillitis, Epstein-Barr being the most common one. In other cases, direct exposition to bacteria and contagion may be at cause. Children who are in contact with other children during play may contract tonsillitis due to exposition to viruses and bacteria.

What are the Symptoms of Tonsillitis?



Some of the most common symptoms of tonsillitis are a scratchy and sore throat, difficulties swallowing, voice extinction, fever, bad breath, stiff necks, headaches, and stomachaches. Other symptoms may include neck and jaw tenderness, chills and bouts of fever.

What is the Treatment for Tonsillitis?

tonsilsSince tonsillitis is usually a minor condition, treatment isn’t always necessary. If the cause is due to a virus, in many cases over the counter antihistamines or a prescription throat spray may be recommended. In more severe cases, you might be prescribed antibiotics and in some cases you may require a tonsillectomy, which is the removal of the tonsils.

While tonsillectomy was very prevalent in the past, the procedure is now only prescribed for those who suffer from severe tonsillitis and show no signs of improvement after traditional treatments.

What Should I Do if I Have Tonsillitis?

If you feel like you’re experiencing symptoms such as an inflamed throat and difficulty swallowing accompanied with a bout of fever, then it’s a clear sign that you may be dealing with severe tonsillitis. If that’s the case, you should consult an ENT doctor today for an appointment. If you’re living in the NYC area, contact us today to schedule an appointment with the best ENT doctor in NYC.

Contact us at 212-867-4813 to schedule a consultation.

How to Find the Best Ear, Nose & Throat Doctor for You

How to Find the Best Ear, Nose & Throat Doctor for YouIf you’re having an ear, nose, throat or any problem relating to structures connected to them, you may need the help of an otolaryngologist, most commonly known as an ENT doctor. However, if you’ve never had to deal with these issues before and this is your first time around, finding a good doctor might be confusing. In this article, we’re going to explore the criteria you should be looking for in a good ENT doctor.

Start with Referrals

Referrals offer one of the fastest and easiest ways to start building a list of potential doctors. If you have a primary care doctor, start with him first. He should be able to refer you to a doctor that will be able to suit you the best. Also make sure that you do your due diligence and do a background check on the doctor’s credentials. As you compile your list, make sure that you contact each and every one of them to schedule an initial appointment.

Checking the Credentials

When it comes to credentials, the first thing you should check is if the doctor is board certified. Next, check if he has ever had malpractice charges laid or disciplinary actions against him. Sites like Healthgrades.com will allow you to check a doctor’s alma mater, certifications, and training hospital, among other things. They will also allow you to check a doctor’s disciplinary and malpractice history.

Check the Doctor’s Experience

How to Find the Best Ear, Nose & Throat Doctor for YouExperience is essential when finding an ENT. Not only in the field in general, but for your condition in particular. When consulting a doctor, don’t be afraid to ask if he has a subspecialty relating to your particular diagnosis. The more experience a doctor has with your condition, the higher the chances of success.

Check the Facility

Having a good ENT is a good start, but if the facilities from which he operates aren’t up to par, the quality of your treatment will most likely suffer. Check out the quality of the equipment and general state of the facility. Also check out the staff and how they treat you and other patients. Check if they are truly attentive to patients’ needs or are simply going through the motions.

The location of the hospital should also be taken into consideration as well. In the case you have to go in for several visits, you want your commute to and from the hospital to be as easy as possible.

How to Find the Best Ear, Nose & Throat Doctor for YouFinding a great ENT doctor shouldn’t be that difficult now that you know exactly what you should be looking for. If you live in the New York area, contact us today to schedule an appointment with the best ENT doctor in NYC. Our staff will be more than happy to answer all of your questions and our doctors have years of experience in the field.

Contact us at 212-867-4813 to schedule a consultation.

What is Sinusitis?

What is SinusitisSinusitis is a very common condition that affects a large number of adults and children of all ages. Most cases of sinusitis are caused by a viral infection and the symptoms can last from anywhere between one or two days to two weeks.

The sinuses work as a lining of the nasal passages, and can become inflamed due to a variety of reasons. As a result, drainage can become difficult or impossible, leading to congestion and infection.

Here’s a closer look at some of the symptoms, causes and treatments for sinusitis.

The Symptoms of Sinusitis

One of the most common symptoms of sinusitis is respiratory tract infections, which may be caused by the flu or cold virus for instance. Other symptoms of sinusitis include a blocked nose, yellowish green discharge coming from the nose, sinus headaches, pressure in the sinus area, pain around your ears, eyes or forehead region, a fever, bad breath and difficulty breathing and smelling.

Children afflicted with sinusitis may become very irritable and breathe through their mouths. Their speech may become nasally as well.

In most cases, symptoms of sinusitis subside after a few days or weeks. But in the case of acute sinusitis, symptoms can persist for months.

The Causes of Sinusitis

What is SinusitisOne of the most common causes of sinusitis is a viral infection, like the flu or the common cold. The virus will spread to the sinus region, leading to inflammation and congestion. In some rare cases, sinusitis can be caused by a bacterial infection.

In other cases, this may be caused by another condition, such as a fungal or tooth infection.

Long term sinusitis can be caused by other conditions such as allergic rhinitis, better known as hay fever, a weak immune system, chronic smoking, and so on. People with asthma are also more prone to the condition.

The Treatments for Sinusitis

In most cases, sinusitis does not need medical attention and symptoms usually subside within two weeks with minor treatment. Things like over the counter nasal decongestants or painkillers such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen may be all you need. Cleaning your nasal passage with a saline solution may also help alleviate the symptoms. However, in the case of severe and acute sinusitis, you may have to consult an ENT doctor.

What is SinusitisIf you’re experiencing minor symptoms, then you may not necessarily need immediate medical attention. However, if your symptoms are severe or continue even after treatment, then you may be dealing with acute sinusitis. If that’s the case, you should consult an ENT doctor immediately. If you’re living in the NYC area, contact us today to schedule an appointment with the best ENT doctor in NYC.

Contact us at 212-867-4813 to schedule a consultation.

What is Laryngitis?

What is LaryngitisLaryngitis is the swelling and inflammation of the larynx area, also referred to as the voice box. Laryngitis affects a large number of Americans and can be treated in most cases.

The larynx houses the vocal cords. Vocal cords are membranes that are covered by a mucous and can become infected and inflamed due to various reasons. When they do, they result in voice distortion and extinction in some cases. Here are some of the treatments, causes and symptoms of laryngitis.

The Symptoms of Laryngitis

Laryngitis, in most cases, is caused by minor conditions. Symptoms usually don’t last more than a few weeks and are often associated with non chronic conditions like the flu, for instance. However, in some cases, symptoms can last much longer. Some of the symptoms of laryngitis include dry throat, voice hoarseness, voice loss or a weakened voice tone, rawness or tingling in your throat and a sore throat or throat pain.

The Causes of Laryngitis

What is LaryngitisIn many cases, laryngitis is caused by another virus, such as the common cold or the flu. In most cases, the symptoms associated with laryngitis subside once the underlying condition has been treated.  Most of the time, viral infections are at cause, but laryngitis can be caused by physical factors such as vocal strain, for instance. In other cases, laryngitis can occur because of a bacterial infection; however, this is much rarer.

In the case of chronic laryngitis, prolonged exposure to various irritants may be at cause. Chronic smokers, people who use their voice frequently, such as professional singers for instance, and alcoholics are at higher risk of developing chronic laryngitis.

The Treatments for Laryngitis

In many cases, simply treating the underlying conditions may be all you may need for treating laryngitis. This may include antibiotics in the case of a bacterial infection or simply resting your vocal cords in the case of vocal strain.

In the case of chronic laryngitis, treating underlying causes, such as smoking, heartburn or acid reflux may be the main treatment option.

In some cases, corticosteroids may also be prescribed to reduce inflammation in the area.

When Should I see a Doctor?

What is LaryngitisIf you’re dealing with severe laryngitis symptoms, you should consult an ENT doctor immediately. If you’re experiencing difficulty breathing, cough up blood, have a persisting fever and have trouble swallowing, contact a doctor today.


Contact us at 212-867-4813 to schedule a consultation.


What is Dysphonia?

What is DysphoniaSpasmodic dysphonia is a disease that affects the nervous system and affects your larynx, also known as the voice box. When someone is afflicted with dysphonia, the muscles in their larynx experience involuntary spasms which interfere with their ability to speak and produce sounds. Depending on the severity, dysphonia can be very debilitating. Here are some of the symptoms, causes and treatments for dysphonia.

The Symptoms of Dysphonia

One of the most common symptoms of dysphonia is repeated voice breaks. This will result in a voice with a tight quality to it that might seem strained. In some people, breaks may only happen sporadically once in every couple of sentences, but for people experiencing severe dysphonia, they may have breaks on every other word, making speech very difficult to understand.

It’s important to note that dysphonia is a chronic disease and symptoms may aggravate with time. This is a fairly rare disease that affects about 4 out of 100,000 people in the United States. The disease is more present in people between the ages of 30 and 50 years old and affects more women than men.

The Causes of Dysphonia

What is DysphoniaTo this day, there has been no clear cause for dysphonia that has been identified. Since the problem affects speech patterns, it has long been thought that psychogenic factors were at cause, but most experts agree that dysphonia is caused by an abnormality in the nervous system. However, there has been some rare cases of dysphonia that occurred due to psychogenic reasons.

The Treatments for Dysphonia

While there is no definite cure for dysphonia, there are some treatments that can reduce the symptoms. Clostridium botulinum injections can be prescribed as a form of treatment. Clostridium botulinum is injected into the muscles of the throat to diminish their strength and therefore make the spasms less violent. The treatment’s effects can last anywhere from 3 to 4 months. After this period, the treatment has to be re-administered. In milder cases, voice therapy may be prescribed to alleviate some of the symptoms.

What to Do if You Exhibit any Symptoms

What is DysphoniaThe first thing to do is consult an ENT doctor. He will be able to examine your condition to assess if you indeed suffer from the condition and will provide treatment solutions. If you feel like you may be suffering from dysphonia, contact us today to schedule an appointment with the best ENT doctor in NYC.

Contact us at 212-867-4813 to schedule a consultation.

Treating Sensorineural Deafness

Treating Sensorineural DeafnessHearing problems affect a substantial amount of individuals around the globe. No age, gender or race is exempt. Both children and seniors can suffer from hearing loss. However, the causal factors for each group can differ radically. For adults, the most common cause of deafness in most adults is sensorineural. Sensorineural deafness, unlike other forms, occurs in one of three places:



The inner ear
The auditory nerve
The brain
The type of hearing loss always will affect the direction treatment will take.

Causes of Sensorineural Deafness

Another name for this type of type of hearing loss is nerve deafness. It is also referred to as sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). As noted above, it tends to affect adults and not children – although some people are born with this problem. The risk of suffering from this type of deafness increases with age. In fact, more elderly Americans have sensorineural deafness than any other form of hearing loss. Figures argue the percentage of elderly so afflicted may be as high as 50% of those seniors age 70 or more.

The causes for sensorineural deafness are not known specifically. However, certain factors seem to contribute to its existence. The most prevalent is consistent and even constant exposure to loud noises. This includes, but is not restricted to the following:

    • Treating Sensorineural DeafnessExplosions – from working in a mine or in construction
    • Sudden, loud noises (acoustic trauma) – this may induce temporary or even permanent sensorineural deafness or hearing loss
    • Music – exposure to loud music consistently as part of employment or pleasure
    • Loud noises – such as those found in foundries, steel plants, certain types of factories, shipyards, etc.
    • Gunfire – an occupational or pleasurable hazard

However, this type of hearing loss may also appear following head trauma, certain disorders that effect the inner ear, Menière’s disease and tumors found on the auditory nerve. Furthermore, the taking of certain drugs used to treat severe illnesses e.g. ototoxic drugs used for chemotherapy and certain antibiotics, may also contribute to the hearing problem.

Treatment for Sensorineural Deafness

The treatment for hearing loss of this nature may be simple and singular. It will depend upon the type and extent of sensorineural deafness.  If the causal factors are sudden, loud noises, corticosteroids may effectively reduce the inflammation and swelling of the inner ear hair cells. In special cases, surgery may be able to repair inner ear rupture or leakage. Another possibility is medication, if the problem results from a disease.

Treating Sensorineural Deafness

However, these types of sensorineural hearing loss are not as common as irreversible sensorineural deafness. In such instances, you only have one option. This is simple and can be quite effective. You can manage the problem with hearing aids. While you may never be able to regain your hearing, at least you will be able to still enjoy the sounds of life around you.

Contact us at 212-867-4813 to schedule a consultation.

What Is An ENT?

ENT DOCTORIf you have an ear, nose or throat condition, you will probably need to visit an ENT. Also known as an otolaryngology, an Ent doctor is a member of what is the oldest medical specialty in America. He or she has received specialized training that focuses on the diagnosis, management and treatment of all diseases and disorders of the ear, nose and throat. This also means being able to surgically and medically address these medical issues as well as any relating to the areas closely associated with them – specifically the head and neck.

What Do ENT Doctors Treat?

ENT doctors are specialists in their field. Their training embraces both the medial aspects and surgical components of any issues relating to the ear, nose and throat. Their expertise encompasses a variety of issues that affect such things as:


ENTs address the most common problem that affects the ears in the United States – hearing loss. One in 10 Americans suffer from it. While they may visit other doctors, they rely on ENTs to handle this issue. An ENT also understands and treats other rear problems such as:

  • Ear infections e.g. otitis mediaent doctor
  • Balance disorders
  • Tinnitus: ear noise
  • Cranial nerve disorders – a limited few
  • Birth (congenital) disorders of both the outer and inner ear

The Nose

One common problem adults suffer from is sinusitis. It is a very common health problem in the United States. However, in addition to treating this nasal problem, ENTs also diagnose and treat:

  • Allergies
  • Disorders of smell – including lack of
  • Polyps – small, harmless growths inside the nasal cavity
  • Nasal obstructions – the most common is the result of a deviated septum

The Throat

We need our throats or neck to do more than hold up our heads. We need throats to provide us with communication and to provide passage for our food and drink. ENTs diagnose, treat and manage problems that may affect your:

  • Throat
  • Voice Box or Larynx
  • Upper Aero-Digestive Tract or Esophagus

Among the many disorders a doctor may have to address are those that involve your voice as well as swallowing.

Visiting an ENT

Overall, you turn to an ENT specialist to provide you with the information and treatment you require to handle almost any issue that may affect your sense of seeing, smell and hearing. His or her work may also involve addressing issues that may affect the physical appearance of your face. This may be as simple as a minor ear infection or as complex as facial deformities. Whether you are worried about hearing loss, an earache or cancerous growth, you can rely on an ENT to provide you with the answers you require to address the medical situation.

What To Expect When You Visit An ENT Specialist

Ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialists are also called otolaryngologists. They receive special training in both the medical and surgical treatment of specific disorders that effect your ears, nose and throat. They also address medical problems associated with the components nearby e.g. the head and the neck. If your doctor believes you have a serious… Continue Reading

Doctor for Oral STD

There are many reasons you may need an ENT doctor for oral STD conditions. An ear, nose, and throat doctor, called an ENT, can help with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of all types of sexually transmitted diseases related to oral infections. If you have been diagnosed with such a condition or you believe you… Continue Reading

Michael C. Burnett, MD

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