ENT doctors are health care providers for people struggling with ear, nose, throat, sinuses, head and neck-related problems. Your primary physician might refer you to an ENT doctor if your problem does not resolve with home remedies or prescription medicines.
What is an ENT Doctor?
If you have skin issues like acne or inflammation, you see a dermatologist. Similarly, if you suffer from dental conditions, you go to a dentist or an orthodontist. When you have pain or other issues related to the ear, throat, nose, sinuses, neck, head, esophagus, etc., you pay a visit to an ENT doctor (otolaryngologist).
They specialize in ear, nose, throat treatment, and a few other body parts that lie above your lungs and below your brain (excluding eyes). Notably, there is a critical connection between blood vessels and nerves in the head and neck that links our brain with our body. Thus, any problem in the head and/or neck can impact critical nerves.
What are the Education and Qualifications of an ENT Doctor?
ENTs start with an undergraduate degree with the selection of any subjects, especially chemistry and biology. They attend a medical school for 4 years, where the initial 2 years comprise classroom knowledge and instructions.
Later, in the last 2 years, medical students get a wide range of specialties to choose from, and they practice different methods and procedures over the entire two-year period. Finally, at the end of the medical college (i.e., after graduating), they select the specialty they want to pursue after a whole two-year tenure of rotations.
Following graduation from medical school, they enroll in residency programs, which are typically 5-year programs for medical students determined for otolaryngology. During the residency program, they learn and practice under experienced doctors.
What Do ENT Doctors Treat?
After passing the 5-year residency program and receiving certification from the board of ENT specialists (American Board of Otolaryngology), they manage and treat the following conditions.
You need to see an ENT doctor if you have a hearing impairment, ear infections, balance disorders, tinnitus, ear pain, and other similar ear-related problems. Also, their management and treatment criterion involves genetic disorders.
ENT specialists also treat sinuses, nasal cavity, or nose-related problems. Such conditions can cause breathing issues and may also affect the olfactory system.
Throat conditions affect eating, talking, breathing, and even digestion. ENT doctors propose and perform treatment according to your level of pain and discomfort after diagnoses and assessment.
Head and Neck
ENT doctors specialize in treating and managing chronic diseases, tumors, deformities of the head, face, and neck. They can help regulate the symptoms of chronic health conditions by providing the best treatments and medications.
Moreover, they also train and practice reconstructive and cosmetic surgeries, respectively.
Additional Treatments Performed by an ENT Doctor
What else does an ENT doctor specialize in and provide treatment for? Here’s a shortlist of treatments that an ENT doctor might perform upon requirement. They are prominently the subspecialties of otolaryngology:
- Pediatric Otolaryngology
- Neurotology or Otology
- Head Surgery
- Neck Surgery
- Rhinology (sinus cavity)
What Surgeries Can an ENT Doctor Perform?
ENT doctors may use surgical intervention where necessary. Conditions that may require surgeries include correction of physical deformities, trauma, and tumor management in ears, nose, and throat. Some of the surgeries that skilled ENTs perform include:
- Removal of Nasal Polyps
- Ear tube insertion to manage chronic ear disorders and infections
- Tonsil Removal
- Plastic surgeries (cosmetic and medical reasons)
- Corrective surgeries in order to reconstruct physical deformities that might occur due to skin cancer, etc.
- Sinus surgeries
- Tumor removal
What Are the Qualities of the Best ENT Doctor?
ENT surgeons and doctors must have certain qualities and skills. They are specialists and trained and possess the following professional and personal qualities:
- Stamina to continue working for long hours
- Organizational skills
- Excellent visuospatial capabilities and hand-eye coordination
- Precise instrument handling abilities
- Clear vision/eyesight
- Team Management
ENT Doctors: Conclusion
Are you experiencing any of the conditions mentioned above? If the answer is yes or if you think that your acute condition is slowly progressing, contact Ear, Nose & Throat of New York.
Dr. Michael C. Burnett, MD, is a highly experienced ENT specialist who offers the latest treatment methods for your ENT, head, and neck problems. Check out our official website or give us a call at 212-867-4813 to schedule a meeting with Dr. Burnett today.
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