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Dr. Michael Burnett Specializes in Problems of the Ear, Nose, Sinuses and Throat.

An ear, nose and throat specialist (ENT) is a physician trained in the medical and surgical treatment of the ears, nose, throat, and related structures of the head and neck. They have special expertise in managing diseases of the ears, nose and nasal passage sinuses, larynx (voice box), oral cavity and upper pharynx (mouth and throat), as well as structures of the neck and face. ENT is the oldest medical specialty in the United States.



Category Archives: Nose

Anatomy of the Nose

What is the anatomy of the nose and other important information about this appendage? The nose is the ultimate part of the respiratory system, allowing oxygen to enter your body. It helps shape your facial appearance and helps you to smell.

The Physiology of the Nose

External structure

The external structure of a nose is simple, i.e., a pyramid with an inferior apex and superior root. The part between the Apex and the root is called the dorsum. There are two openings present at the Apex, which are called nostrils. It provides the way to the nasal cavity.

Anatomy of the nose | Best ENT NYC

The exterior of the nose consists of both cartilage(soft bones) and hard bones, making it flexible.

The bony part of the nose comprises:

  • Nasal
  • Maxillae
  • Frontal bones

The cartilaginous part consists of

  • Alar cartilage
  • Lateral processes
  • Septal cartilage

Internal structure

The internal structure comprises:

Bone structure

The nose’s internal structure provides physical support to the nose and helps uplift it. The internal bony part of the nose relates to the height of the nose.

Nasal cavity

The nasal cavity is highly enriched with epithelial cells, which make up the mucosal surface. The mucus on this surface keeps the internal of the nose moist, which helps trap allergens.

Because of the nasal cavity, the nose serves as an air filter that stops harmful particles from entering into lungs.


These are simply bony structure that separates the two nasal cavities. It usually runs from the center. Even a little septum deviation can cause severe problems to the infected person.

Sinus cavities

These are small tunnels located around the nose. These hollow cavities are about an inch in size. You can get severely ill because of sinus issues, as the nose is related to sinus cavities.

Illnesses that occur  of the Nose, Nasal, and Sinus Cavities

On average, a healthy human goes through multiple colds or illnesses related to the nose and nasal cavities. When these diseases last for more than 10 days, it can indicate a more serious health condition.

The nose, sinus, and nasal cavities are susceptible and are often at risk of getting infection as they constantly interact with the surrounding air and environment. Medical conditions that can occur or originate via the nose are:

  • Sinusitis
  • Formation of polyps in nasal and sinus cavities
  • Allergic issues
  • Nasal congestion
  • Asthma
  • Deviated septum
  • Nasal valve collapse
  • Nasopharyngeal cancer
  • Turbinate enlargement
  • Epistaxis or nose bleed
  • Rhinitis
  • Sinus or nasal infection
  • Soar throat
  • Severe cold

These are some of the diseases a person can counter because of various unhealthy conditions that affect the nasal and sinus cavities or due to abnormal development of the nose.

Anatomy of the nose | ENT Doctor NYC

How to keep your Nose Healthy

These few things can help you maintain the perfect anatomy of your nose.

  • Avoid smoking immediately
  • Make it a habit to use a humidifier
  • Reduce the amount of dust in your surroundings to keep yourself allergic free
  • Drink healthy fluids and water
  • Avoid removing nose hairs as it filters the air.
  • Stop using face masks and helmets more often to keep your nose straight and avoid deviated septum.
  • Intake of fresh air in the morning is an excellent exercise to improve the internal health of the nose and lungs.

These exercises can help you to edge any severe nasal, sinus, or nose infections.

Anatomy of the Nose Conclusion: Visit an ENT Specialist for Nose Related Problems

Consult ENT specialist Dr. Michael C. Burnett, at Ear, Nose & Throat of New York if you are experiencing nasal congestion, sinus, or other nose related issues to avoid any significant illness.

Michael C. Burnett, MD
115 East 57th Street
Suite 600
New York, NY 10022

What Services Does an ENT Doctor Provide for The Nose?

What services does an ENT doctor provide for the nose? Normally, you will go to your primary healthcare provider for nose problems such as nasal congestion, drips, or chronic sore throats. After the checkup, your general physician might suggest you see an ENT specialist, i.e., an ear, nose, and throat doctor. They specialize in the treatment of various conditions related to these body parts.

ENT services for the nose

Otolaryngologists/ENT doctors have the advanced knowledge and training that help them to diagnose any ear, nose, and throat diseases successfully. Their areas of focus are the head and neck parts of the body (excluding the eyes and the brain), and they also perform numerous surgeries.

ENT doctors will often treat and manage the cancer symptoms in their patients along with tumors, nasal cavity infections, nose deformities, etc.

What Nose Disorders and Diseases Does an ENT Doctor Treat?


Did you know that it is vital to see an ENT doctor when you are struggling with conditions like seasonal rhinitis, dust allergies, and hay fever? Many people do not know this because the symptoms affect their throat and nose, which lead to nasal congestions and/or sore throats.

On the other hand, an ENT specialist has the expertise to determine the reasons behind your allergies. Moreover, as they specialize and train in this subspecialty of otolaryngology, they will prescribe the most effective medication and treatment options for nasal problems.

Besides, the ENT specialists do not only treat and diagnose nose diseases. They specialize in ear infections, sinusitis, tumors, tinnitus, etc. Therefore, in order to get the best treatment, your general doctor will recommend an ENT doctor.

Nasal Polyps

Nasal polyps are a condition in which inflammation occurs inside your nasal canals, also causing soft growths. This makes breathability difficult and results in discomfort. Subsequently, you might also suffer from a stuffy nose that is quite common in people with asthma or allergies. An ENT specialist is the best person to treat the problem compared to a general medical practitioner.

Allergic Rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis refers to the inflammation of the nose’s linings (inner). The common symptoms of this chronic nose disease include sneezing, congestion, itchiness, and clear mucous in the nasal passage or your mouth. There are two types of allergic rhinitis.

  • Perennial: Occurs upon exposure to certain allergens that may trigger allergic reactions, such as dust, pollens, pet hair, dander, etc.
  • Seasonal: Occurs due to cyclical changes and variations in the surrounding environment (i.e., hay fever).

What Else Does an ENT Doctor Treat?

Here are some other conditions that an ENT doctor may treat:

  • Cerebral Spinal Fluid Leakage
  • Infections of the head and neck
  • Deviated Septums
  • Chronic Sinusitis
  • Fungal Sinusitis
  • Triad Asthma
  • Nasal Fractures
  • Inverting Papilloma- tumor of the nose
  • Nasal Masses
  • Meningoencephalocele
  • Nosebleeds

However, not many people are aware of their healthcare requirements when they experience the symptoms associated with these diseases, such as those affecting the nose and ear chronically.

Treatments an ENT Doctor Offers

Here are a few of the extensive range of medicinal and surgical treatments that an ENT doctor can offer.

Sinus Surgeries

  • Image-Guided Surgery: it involves the use of tomography (CT) scans that help in identifying the problems and anatomy of the sinuses. Consequently, they are able to offer safe results by maintaining the safety of the sinus linings through visual images. Hence, they also remove minimal tissue to offer relief and counter the health problem.
  • FESS (functional endoscopic sinus surgery): such endoscopic surgeries involve the use of small telescopes to see through the nostrils into the sinus cavities. Following that, other instruments might come in handy based on your chosen ENT’s surgical techniques and experience.

Medicine for Sinusitis

The most common types of treatments begin with the prescription of medication and pharmaceutical drugs. For instance, the ENT specialist may prescribe a decongestant to help you relieve any nasal congestions or nasal cavity masses symptoms.

What Services Does an ENT Doctor Provide for The Nose?

Moreover, they might also prescribe over-the-counter nasal washes to treat the nose and nasal cavities. Antibiotic therapies are a common approach for both acute and chronic conditions that cause pain and discomfort.  For example, with sinusitis, once you start taking the prescription drugs, you also have to avoid the triggers and allergens.

Here is an example of the treatment options a reliable ENT doctor may suggest:

  • For fungus, they may prescribe antifungal drugs
  • For allergies, they may suggest using antihistamine
  • For immune deficiencies, they may prescribe medicines to help your body fight foreign organisms

ENT Services for the Nose: Conclusion

Do you often suffer from nasal congestion? Do you have any nose or ENT-related disorder or disease? At Ear, Nose & Throat of New York, we have one of the best ENT doctors in NY State, Dr. Michael C. Burnett.

Check out our official website to learn more about the ENT treatments Dr. Michael has to offer. Give us a call at 212-644-8350 to inquire further or book an appointment with our ENT specialist.  We provide medications, prescriptions, and other treatments according to your specific condition.


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Common Nose Problems

What are the most common nose problems? The nose works as a filter to block germs, dust, and irritants. Furthermore, it moistens and warms the air reaching your lungs, so it does not dry out. Another reason why the nose is an important part of the body is that it includes nerve cells responsible for the smell. So, when your nose is suffering from a problem, your entire body will show symptoms.

For instance, if you have a common cold, you will feel difficulty breathing, sleeping, and will generally feel uncomfortable. Therefore, it is essential to keep your nasal tract functioning properly. Here are some problems that you might develop other than the common cold:

  • The condition nasal polyps refer to the development of soft
  • In deviated septum, your nasal cavity divides into two due to walls shifting.
  • Rhinitis is a condition in which you suffer from sinuses and nose inflammation. Your allergies trigger this condition.
  • Nosebleeds
  • Nasal fractures or broken nose

Common Nose Problems

1.     Sinusitis

Sinusitis occurs on the lining of the sinuses, which leads to inflammation. Mostly, a viral infection triggers this condition. The sinuses are small cavities behind your forehead and cheekbones. These air-filled cavities produce mucus that drains into your nose. There are small channels working as a passage for mucus from sinuses to the nasal cavities. You develop sinusitis when the sinus lining starts to swell, causing blockage to the channels.

Sinusitis can be of two types; acute sinusitis and chronic sinusitis. Below you will find some common symptoms of both types of sinusitis:

Acute Sinusitis

  • Stuffed-up nose
  • Facial pressure or pain
  • Loss of smell
  • Runny nose
  • Congestion or cough
  • Bad breath
  • Fever
  • Dental pain
  • Fatigue

Chronic Sinusitis

  • You will feel fullness or congestion in your face
  • Development of pus in the nasal cavity
  • Discolored postnasal drainage or runny nose
  • Fever
  • Nasal blockage or nasal obstruction
  • Tiredness
  • Dental pain
  • Bad breathe

The symptoms of sinusitis worsen with time. Therefore, you need to visit a doctor if you notice any of the above symptoms.

2.     Nasal and Sinus Polyps

Nasal polyps are the noncancerous growth in the sinuses or nasal passages. This teardrop or grape-like hanging of lining is painless and soft. Nasal polyps grow from chronic inflammation and cause various disorders, including allergies, asthma, drug sensitivity, and other immune disorders.

You will not experience any symptoms when the nasal polyps are small in size. However, when it starts to grow, it blocks the nasal cavity and leads to loss of smell, breathing problems, and other infections. Even though nasal polyps are common in adults, anyone can develop this condition.

Normally, medication can eliminate or shrink the nasal polyps. But if the condition is severe, you need to undergo surgery for the removal. However, it is possible that nasal polyps return after the surgery.

3.     Smell and Taste Disorder

There are numerous conditions that cause distortion of taste, odor, and flavor. You will develop a bad taste or odor or find it hard to detect smell or taste. These conditions will affect your quality of life. Different underlying diseases can develop smell and taste disorders. Here are some common small and taste diseases:

  • Hyposmia is a condition that reduces your ability to smell
  • When you suffer from Ageusia, you will not be able to taste.
  • In Hypogeusia, your ability to feel the flavors reduces.
  • With Anosmia, you will not be able to smell.

When you are unable to smell or taste, you develop the following health problems:

  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Poor nutrition
  • High blood pressure
  • Nervous system disorder including multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer disease, and Parkinson disease

Common Nose Problems ENT

4.     Nasal Valve Collapse

Your nasal valve collapses when it becomes weak after surgery or trauma. This valve is responsible for limiting the airflow. A nasal valve is available in the lower part of the nose. As this valve is already narrow, additional air pressure can affect its function, blocking the nasal airway. Here are some symptoms of nasal valve collapse:

  • Congestion
  • Nasal bleeding
  • Snoring
  • Having problems breathing from the nose
  • Blockage of the nasal passage

Common Nose Problems: Conclusion

Complications due to nose problems can lead to various conditions, disorders, and diseases. The symptoms of this condition can be progressive, serious, and life-threatening. Most people who develop chronic diseases need immediate attention as their complications can worsen over time. Therefore, it is necessary to consult a health care provider about your condition.

If you experience the above symptoms or undergo some nose trauma, you can consult with our highly experienced ENT surgeon, Dr. Michael C. Burnett. At Ear, Nose and Throat of New York, we ensure that you receive the best treatment for your nose problems.

For appointments, you can contact us at 212-867-4813.


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Michael C. Burnett, MD

115 East 57th Street
(Between Park + Lexington Ave.)
Suite 600
New York, NY 10022