Understanding the different types of head and neck cancers can help you be aware of the symptoms and seek prompt medical attention. Head and neck cancers are a group of cancers that start in the head and neck region of the body. This includes the mouth, throat, larynx, sinuses, and nasal cavity. According to the American Cancer Society, head and neck cancer accounts for approximately 4% of all cancers in the United States.
Types of Head and Neck Cancer
There are several different types of head and neck cancer, including:
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type of head and neck cancer. It typically starts in the squamous cells that line the inside of the mouth, throat, and larynx. This type of cancer can also develop in the nasal cavity and sinuses.
Salivary Gland Cancer
Salivary gland cancer starts in the salivary glands, which are located in the mouth and throat. This type of cancer can develop in any of the three pairs of salivary glands.
Nasopharyngeal cancer is a rare type of head and neck cancer that starts in the nasopharynx, which is the upper part of the throat behind the nose.
Thyroid cancer starts in the thyroid gland, which is located in the front of the neck. This type of cancer is more common in women than in men.
Laryngeal cancer starts in the larynx, which is the voice box located in the neck. This type of cancer is more common in men than in women.
Symptoms of Head and Neck Cancer
The symptoms of head and neck cancer can vary depending on the location and stage of the cancer. Some common symptoms include:
- A lump or sore that does not heal
- Difficulty swallowing
- Hoarseness or change in voice
- Persistent sore throat
- Pain or difficulty chewing or moving the jaw
- Swelling in the neck
- Ear pain or ringing in the ears
The treatment options for head and neck cancer depend on the type and stage of the cancer. Some common treatment options include:
- Surgery to remove the cancerous tissue
- Radiation therapy to kill cancer cells
- Chemotherapy to kill cancer cells or stop their growth
- Targeted therapy, which uses drugs to target specific proteins or pathways that are involved in the growth of cancer cells.
Contact Dr. Michael Burnett and the ENTs at Ear, Nose & Throat of New York
If you are experiencing any symptoms of head and neck cancer, it is important to seek the help of a qualified ENT doctor. Contact Dr. Michael Burnett and the ENTs at Ear, Nose & Throat of New York today to schedule your appointment and get the care you need to manage head and neck cancer. With prompt diagnosis and treatment, you can improve your chances of a successful outcome and improve your quality of life. Trust the expertise of Dr. Burnett and his team to help you navigate the complexities of head and neck cancer and find the treatment that’s right for you. We offer a range of diagnostic and treatment services to help our patients manage their symptoms and fight cancer.
To schedule an appointment or to learn more about our services, contact us at:
Ear, Nose & Throat of New York
Michael C. Burnett, MD
115 East 57th Street Suite 600 New York, NY 10022